Facebook  freedom of expression  & suppression         this site's world No. 1 in    2017,   2016,  2015, 2014,  2013 2010~12      Top rankings since 1998 
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Facebook Free expression reviews :

Reviews on 

  Facebook suppress intl free expression ★  terror on Facebook Taiwan  ★  FB's block, suppression, bully

 

  1.    Facebook free expression was suppressed upon government' s requests !?

 

<United Daily (聯合報)> 11-2-2018, headline news : National Security Bureau of Taiwan confirmed their investigations of Facebook communities and others on the net, for monitoring, controlling and collecting "controversial information" including those  "blacken ("詆譭", a term of Martial Law period / UDN, 11-3-2018) president", "influence national security",  "distort policy", "disrupt social stability", and "disturb national mechanism", "fight governmental prestige", "influence public mind and morale"; UDN 11-3-2018: all internet platform service providers in Taiwan were requested to hand in all users' personal information.   UDN critiques pointed out  "Big Brother is watching you" almost for sure lead to "Chilling Effect".  Taiwan's Intel. sys. suspectedly control some important websites not related to communist China.    An article in the New York Times at 6-27-2017 pointed out that Facebook "acts in response to government requests".  https://www.nytimes.com/2017/06/27/opinion/facebook-first-amendment-leaks-free-speech.html )    The New York Times reported at 11-22-2016 that Facebook did comply with local governments' requests to block or restrict huge number of user-contents in about 20 countries, such as Pakistan, Russia and Turkey. (  https://www.nytimes.com/2016/11/22/technology/facebook-censorship-tool-china.html )    Based on the United Daily of Taiwan (Nov. 25,2016),  Facebook removed some human rights contents upon the US police's requests.    Furthermore,  Business Insider at 7-8-2016 also reported Facebook was accused of censoring conservative news among its trending topics, and supported or suppressed particular political viewpoints in Germany, Europe.    Facebook is named as a "for-profit corporation" by Wikipedia (Sept., 2017), certainly may "cooperate" or "collaborate" with any country, governments, organizations, the powerful to politically block free speech of particular targets.  

In the summer of 2017, a "Green Terror on Facebook" triggered concerns and public anger in Taiwan.    All Taiwanese mass media reported that
politicians and online personalities said they had been denied access to their Facebook accounts after writing criticisms of  Pan-Green coalition, the ruling political party (DPP).   The leader of Chinese Nationalist Party think tank stated that the freedom of speech on Facebook Taiwan has retreated 50 years, and urged FB's Taiwanese users getting together to globally accuse Facebook about this deformed and illegal phenomenon -  free-expression terror on Facebook.   This issue has already been included in Wikipedia references.   Taiwanese government denied having sent any political requests to Facebook.   Facebook Hong Kong & Taiwan office officially denied that they took sides to favor one of 2 major political parties or suppressed Taiwanese freedom of expression,  although some news articles have different viewpoints concerning this issue.

 

 

 

  pic.: This website-group was ranked No.1 on US Bing
by keyword "Facebook freedom of expression ", 
 11-2-2018, 3-22-2018, 1-30-2018, 12-22-2017,

11-1-2017, 10-9-2017
 

 

 pic. above : This website-group was ranked No.1 "Facebook free expression"
on Yahoo search engine , 11-2-2018, 2-2-2018, 12-10-2017;
 No. 1 "Facebook freedom of expression" on Yahoo search,  11-2-2018, No. 2 at 2-2-2018, 11-2-2017;

 

 

 

 

 

pic.: This website-group was ranked top 1
on English Bing by keyword "Facebook free expression" 
11-2-2018, 3-22-2018, 1-30-2018, 12-22-2017,

 11-4-2017 , 10-7-2017

 pic.: This website-group was ranked No.1 on Google taiwan
by keyword "Facebook  free expression " ,  12-9-2017;   top 2 on US Google, at 11-2-2018, 3-28-2018
 

 

 

''

 

 

 

 

 

 

●  pic. above : This website-group was ranked No.1 on German search engine MetaGer by keyword
"Facebook freedom of expression",
 11-2-2018, 2-2-2018, 12-23-2017; No.2 "Facebook free expression", 11-2-2018

 

 

 

 

 

 

●  No.1  "Facebook free expression"  on Baidu of China, 11-2-2018;
No.1
 "Facebook freedom of expression"  on Baidu of China, 2-2-2018

 

The author of this web-site also experienced similar issues on Facebook  -  after having created a FB account with unbiased & no harmful content and made nearly 3000 artist friends from about 100 countries within about 1.5 month, reported an Euro arts expo. held by FECO for Turkish cartoonist and journalists on trial,  his Facebook account was suspended, for unknown reason.   This seems to be a well-planned scheme, because some bad tricks came before Zola Zu's account was blocked.    Zu wrote an article about this mystery and had it print in Taiwan's most popular news, Apple Daily (then was reprinted in another major news, the United Daily News blog), to " publicly shame them and to hold them accountable" as Business Insider (7-8-2016) critic suggested.    Google, Bing, Yahoo evidently are better than Facebook in free expression.

News

Dec. 14, 2017  Taiwan Facebook's tax-loss for last yr. is up to NTD 5.2 billion, under legislator's (similar to congressman) pressure, Taiwan government expressed recovery actions will be taken ... (wait & see) ...https://tw.appledaily.com/new/realtime/20171214/1259148/ ;  https://www.ettoday.net/news/20171214/1072463.htm

United Daily 12-29-2017 : "FB will pay tax obediently this time ... " ("要乖乖繳稅囉") -  Facebook's profits are out of proportion to their tax payment, Ministry of Finance said Facebook is taxable (following new reg. sys) starting from 2018.   ref to  https://udn.com/news/story/7243/2901293 

  Nov. 18, 2017  China Times : Taiwan president gave tacit permission to Facebook (Taiwan) to restrict or block certain contents  ... brief http://opinion.chinatimes.com/20171118000516-262114;  Taiwan government did not deny or respond this.  According to mass media like NY Times, Apple Daily of Taiwan, it's very clear that Facebook upon local government's requests did restrict certain contents in about 20 countries, e.g., Russia, Pakistan, Turkey.   Those countries' freedom status are not good,  How come same thing becoming vague in Taiwan, a sort of free country ? 

ps: Freedom House (Jan 2017) : Pakistan, Turkey "partly free", Russia,  Vietnam "not free",  Heritage Foundation (1 '16): Pakistan, Russia, Vietnam "mostly unfree", Turkey "moderately free",  press freedom index by Reporters Without Borders - Russia, Pakistan, Turkey, India,  ranked world No.148, 139, 155, 136 respectively.  

  2.   Taiwanese fight back terror on Facebook

 

        (1) Zola Zu's freedom of expression article on Apple Daily, most popular news in Taiwan

             Maybe Taiwan government is the right one I should fight back, but there's no evidence to prove that, The KMT suspected them, but Taiwan administration denied everything, maybe Taiwan wants Facebook to take the blame for it ?
 

   

 

 

Facebook suppress freedom of expression

 

 

 

Facebook freedom of expression

 

 

Pic. :  comment Facebook by Zola Zu,  in Apple Daily,
real-time news & online opinion, 8-24-2017

Pic. :   Zu's article commenting Facebook, 
in most popular news in Taiwan Apple Daily,
8-24-2017, and United Daily News blog, 8-25-2017

 

 

 

    

About the article "Facebook's True Colors" :


  
Facebook's official letter (Aug. 2017)  to Taiwan emphasized the importance of real-name policy which may make FB community civilians feel safe. 

   However, Facebook's "real name" is :

  
a big threat to human rights !
       Many members of the US Congress, civil liberties experts, European government already labeled Facebook as "the greatest threat to civil rights today".
(medium.com, 5-28-2015

       Facebook attacked democracy (New York Times, 8-29-2016), discriminated certain groups ( PROPUBLICA.org  2-8-2017), repeated violating privacy law (penalty fine in Euro. / Fortune 9-11-2017), was developing censorship tool to enter China market (New York Times, 11-22-2016), conducting secret psychological tests, prompting outrage from users and experts  (Guardian, 7-2-'14) , and developing mind-reading tech. causing public worries (The Guardian, UK, 4-19-2017), etc.   Just like McDonald's slogan "We do it all for you", in fact is "all for McDonald's itself", the reason Facebook exists is for profit only.

  

     a media !
        Facebook refused to acknowledge and to admit their 'real name', a media company or publisher, FB kept avoiding taking media's responsibility, instead, they did spread false news, influence elections and allow horrific speech.  Recently, under media experts' great pressures, Facebook "implies" it's a media  (not a traditional media), but how Facebook getting into the world of editorial judgment needs to be watched carefully ...

  

   an advertising platform !
        Facebook's another 'real name' is advertising platform instead of a social network, as some Western media commented.    Facebook reads and analyses your private communications and information, everything about the user is FB's "product"
(FB got penalty fine several times in Euro.), the real "customers" are advertising companies and data collectors (including state apparatus )  .   Brand company should not sell fake products, but Facebook did not spend enough efforts ( or used 'selective enforcement' ) on eliminating fake accounts.  (<USA Today> reported 83 million fake accounts in total.  It's not difficult to find multi-account users around Euro. and USA.   All these sent a clear message, or actually encouraged users to create more than one account.)

  

     a hitter !
       Facebook's 'real name' is a sort of 'hitter' or 'goon' to suppress freedom of expression or certain users upon many government's requests, including US police's request to block American's human rights pages. 
  Facebook has many algorithm and man-made tricks to suppress or bully users, e.g., checkpoint/block leads users to an infinite loop, like a mouse in circles.

   

        Do you feel safe ?

 
   ●
 
Anonymity is allowed in Twitter, which, in recent years, has turned into a dominant social network in Japan.    If Facebook is not friendly or hostile to Taiwanese people, we should not be this humble and tolerate being second-class citizens in that empire, we have alternatives.

 

  TAIWAN       Understand Taiwan     Review Taiwan     comment Taiwan   /  No.1 rankings on  English Bing, Google, Yahoo ! 

 

     ☉   (2)  Taiwan's one of 2 major political parties,  Chinese Nationalist Party (KMT) fights back free-expression terror in Taiwan

                The National Policy Foundation, Chinese Nationalist Party (KMT) think tank, said in a press conference that the Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) government might have clamped down on dissidents by allegedly suspending Facebook users who posted comments deemed harmful to the pan-green political camp,  and criticized that  Facebook has entered a period of ‘Green Terror’ in Taiwan since the DPP took office and was in power.

pic.: The China Times headline 7-27-2017 :
 many Taiwanese are mad at the terror on Facebook

臉書打壓言論自由

臉書封鎖台灣帳號

 

Mass Media

Theme of article

Brief and translation

Apple Daily , 7-28-2017 Taiwanese Facebook users should accuse this,  tell the whole world Taiwanese Facebook users should get together to tell the whole world and to accuse this deformed and illegal phenomenon (speech-freedom terror on Facebook)

http://www.appledaily.com.tw/realtimenews/article/politics/20170727/1169509/

Taipei Times
7-28-2017

DPP accused of Facebook censorship

TEMPORARY SUSPENSIONS:Politicians and online personalities said they had been denied access to their Facebook accounts after writing criticisms of DPP policy

  an article by former Straits Exchange Foundation secretary-general Chen Charng-ven (陳長文) likening the Executive Yuan’s tightening of regulations on retired government and military officials’ visits to China to the reinstatement of Article 100 of the Criminal Code was temporarily removed by Facebook,...

Greater Taipei Stability Power Alliance chairman Sun Chi-cheng (孫繼正), who launched a petition to depose New Power Party (NPP) Executive Chairman Huang Kuo-chang (黃國昌) over Huang’s support for homosexual marriage, said he had been suspended by Facebook four times in one day after posting an article about ousting Huang.
Foundation convener Yeh Ching-yuan (葉慶元) asked whether the removal of Facebook articles was part of the Cabinet’s efforts to curb online “fake news,” and whether comments that the DPP administration dislikes were all categorized as fake news.

http://www.taipeitimes.com/News/taiwan/archives/2017/07/28/2003675453

 

Hong Kong ifeng (香港鳳凰網 ) , Hong Kong CRNTT  (中評社), Sina China, 7-27-2017 KMT think tank urged no turning the democratic clock back

Facebook censorship on speech needs transparency

When KMT was in power, Taiwanese can speak up their viewpoints, no any Facebook account was blocked no matter how they cursed or lectured the top rankings, but the current gov.'s  "correctional labor camp" censors public opinion without expressing a clear standard.   KMT think tank urged no turning the democratic clock back ...

 

http://news.ifeng.com/a/20170727/51516274_0.shtml

http://news.sina.com.cn/c/2017-07-27/doc-ifyinwmp0255816.shtml

United daily (聯合報) 2017-07-28 " Taiwanese already reached a social consensus that Facebook has been under a bias in favor of Pan Green coalition  (DPP) ",...   "Mark Zuckerberg doesn't need to pretend knowing nothing about this  ! "

 


(by
Political critic 黃智賢 )

  "Do you really think we have 100% freedom of speech in Taiwan ?   Do you think Facebook just started to suppress articles criticizing  Taiwan independence separatist force since Tsai was elected to be Taiwan President ?   No, No, Facebook has done this since a long time ago. "

    Huang also stated that Facebook has numerous complicated tricks to suppress speech-freedom against Pan Green, FB hitters hiding in the dark takes total control of our speech on FaceBook,  they selected certain articles to be shown, selected limited number of  users or none to see those articles.   "We even don't know who the darkness is."

    "Our articles, photos, live video contributed a lot to Facebook, in return, Facebook only want us to yield obedience to them or to be completely under control."

    Critic Huang also mentioned, those articles she wrote to criticize Pan Blue (KMT) had never been suppressed.  

http://udn.com/news/story/6656/2609177

https://zh.wikipedia.org/wiki/Facebook 

 

The China Times, 7-28-2017 Speech Control !  It's a "Green Terror !"    Zuckerberg , do you know about this ??

   Soon after Taiwan government's promoting a " Quiet Tech." (「寧靜科技」) , articles criticizing President Tsai I. W. were removed one by one by Facebook,   those accounts criticizing Pan Green coalition were disabled one by one, obviously, Facebook targeted certain group.

    All these fell Taiwan's facebook into a political struggle battle-field, Taiwan had come down to a "Green Terror"  (a word-play of "White Terror").

http://www.chinatimes.com/newspapers/20170728001228-260102

The China Times, 7-28-2017

 

 

Facebook should open to public their Censorship mechanism

 

Facebook censorship tools include detection-software and informant's (or telltale's ) reporting to rat somebody out, but the standard of Facebook's community rule is "vague" .

Sun Chi-cheng comments the freedom of expression on Facebook retreated all the way back 50 years

 

http://www.chinatimes.com/realtimenews/20170727003000-260407

 

Apple Daily , 7-28-2017 Facebook emphasized the policy of real name and content safety George Chen(陳澍), the leader of Facebook Hong Kong & Taiwan, replied NCC of Taiwan that authentic entity (real name) and content safety are FB major concerns.
 Facebook will request users with multi-accounts or impersonating others to deactivate their extra accounts or else FB will do it for them

●   Facebook will remove those bullies, spamming posts, harassments, hate speeches aiming specific race or ethnic groups

 Those suspected users abusing accounts may result in suspension http://www.appledaily.com.tw/realtimenews/article/new/20170803/1175134/

ps: for precise meaning, pls find cyber-links to read Chinese version news report 

 

 

 

 

 

   3.   case study - Facebook's tricks to suppress, block, or bully

                     Zola Zu's content on FB includes no specific infractions, no directly inciting violence, nothing misleading, malicious, harmful, or discriminatory, but Facebook suspended the account after playing some tricks or/and giving bullies.

 

  (1)  Facebook's suppression trick one

 

        A poll was held at top of a video shared by Zola Zu, but it can't been seen on his Facebook account.    The poll asked users to select from options like " follow Zola ? " , "follow XXX ?" (an Eastern Euro. cartoonist (or a corporation, hacker in the dark?) holding the poll), and some phrases like to limit part of Zola Zu's right ......
        The video is about lions revenge in a circus,
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=f5moEG1A-Uo (theme: Lions Attack On Trainer In The Circus), other Westerner artist shared it without the problem I had.    Besides, someone in the shadow interrupted my accessing FB for the video.

        According to an article by Ohio State University Law School professor Margot E. Kaminski on NY Times in 2017, even animal abuse content is allowed on Facebook, he wrote:  Facebook generally allows the sharing of animal abuse, a category of speech the Supreme Court deemed protected in 2010. But diverging from First Amendment law, Facebook will remove that same imagery if a user shows sadism, defined as the “enjoyment of suffering.”    Of course, the video Zola Zu shared is not a “enjoyment of suffering” short film, instead, it's educational.    Facebook should remove that poll, not any of my content.  
        All my FB friends supported me except probably one - only one left from my friend-list.   This is truly their vote, expressive act, symbolic speech, substantive statement after Gegenseitigkeit  kommunikationsfreiheiten "behind me".

 

 

 

  (2)   Facebook's suppression trick two

         The messenger was functional partly, (coincidently?) after Zola Zu (probably the 1st one on FB) shared the news about a cartoon-art exhibition for Turkish editorial cartoonist & journalists in jail and on trial.  

 

 

  (3)   Facebook's suppression trick three

         FB's official reason about Zu's account suspension is "something unusual happened".   The dialogue box (as below) popped up while trying to log on Facebook again.    That's a trick because Facebook keeps wanting user-photo and keeps rejecting very clear passport photos.    Other users had same experiences - pls. ref. to  Facebook Aug., 2017 https://www.facebook.com/help/community/question/?id=1865681153684857

 

        To solve this,  Zola Zu sent Facebook an agreement offering a big USD amount more than the median wealth per adult in USA for FB's acceptance, to challenge or to test Facebook's combination of facial recognition tech. (MIT said up to 98% accuracy), other tech. and human review system.   The agreement stated they can take all the money if FB proves the photo uploaded is fake.    This way is much more precise and efficient than FB's current methods because no any hacker is willing to give Facebook this offer which might bring bad guys into deep legal trouble.    Facebook was trying to get smart with users ? or really misjudged users' photos uploaded??     

 

 

   

 

   

pic. : Facebook seems not honest, or just get cute with int'l users?   The dialogue box above asks uploading an user-photo only to result in an infinite loop  ―   users keep uploading and keep being rejected. 
         So, it's 99.9%-100% that checkpoint/block is a dead end, a vital error or seemingly a screen, cloak...  

 

 

 

 

 

   

 

   

pic. : Chinese version of this infinite-loop trick

 

 

 

 

   (4)   Facebook's suppression trick four

 

         Some days after sending the offer ( USD amount equaling the Median wealth per adult in USA ), an email from FB security system arrived at me.   Facebook wanted to help me back to my account.   Sounds very nice...  but ...   (pls see pic.s below).

 

   

 

 

   

pic.: Facebook security system said "How're u doing ?  it seems you can't log on Facebook, please click the button below, we will help you to log in your account ...

 

 

 

   

 

 

   

pic. : Facebook says a security code was just sent to your email-box  (STEP 1)

 

 

   

pic. : Facebook asks you to enter the security code which just sent to your email-box  (STEP 2)

 

 

   

pic. : Facebook asks you to enter new password to log in, after the security code entered passed FB's verification  (STEP 3)

 

 

 

 

 

pic. :  infinite loop again   the new password can't login the account.
          Repeating those 3 steps above about a few times, FB said you had tried it too often, pls. try it later on.  
     
 

 

 

 

  

 

  Conclusion 

  ◆  Facebook executed the suppression mission, but who gave them requests??   it's not FB's algorithm or community rule, according to Facebook's official letter to Taiwan early Aug., 2017.
        The suspect will be ...?

       ● suspect 1 : Taiwan - a main suspect, for many reasons, e.g., encountering 1-2 sec. trouble while emailing my critique article to Apple Daily, one of Zu's computer-screens became a flash gun, sometimes flashed light one after another.  But no hard proofs, Taiwan has not admitted any bad actions and has not clearly answered Zola Zu's letters as well as web-site ( world top rankings understand Taiwan  comment Taiwan  Review Taiwan etc on all search engines, Google, Bing, Yahoo ...  are they much better  than Facebook in free-speech !? ) asking clarification for years.

       ● suspect 2 :  Turkey -  a suspect with very minor probability, because Zu balanced his report concerning Turkish cartoonist in jail by juxtaposing news-reports from China, Taiwan, Europe, and USA - Washington Post. 

       ● suspect 3 :  Europeans -  suppose not, they expressed thanks for Zu's report about their cartoon-arts exhibition for Turkish journalists in prison. 

       ● suspect 4 :  Americans - fear Zu's content?  probably not....  Maybe, Facebook can answer this.
      
other suspects :  China or other Asian countries - not possible, no content about them.   I have strong feeling it's not them, this time.

◆◆     9-8-2017
 

 

   

 

 

pic. above :  Up Media opened to public at Aug. 3, 2017 Facebook's official letter to Taiwan NCC (an official institution) that FB will close those accounts impersonating other people, and will request those users with multi-accounts to close extra accounts.
     
ps: for FB's full text pls see http://www.upmedia.mg/news_info.php?SerialNo=22076

 

ps2:   Zola Zu's letter to FB wrote : ... should FB removed my account was upon requests by the gov. or the powerful, pls let me know, I am one of most qualified to criticize bad politicians, in that my websites were ranked No.1 by "comment Taiwan", "understand Taiwan", "review Taiwan", "評論台灣" on the net,... hold some int'l politics keywords hitting the top as well.   World people have right to know, to see political "police" hiding underground to avoid the one "at large"...  (brief)

 

 

 

 

      

ps

Zola Zu's criticisms  understand Taiwan , Taiwancomment Taiwan Review Taiwan , 評論台灣
were ranked No.1 or top on US Google, US Yahoo, English Bing
, 2016-2017 

   

  ◆  Business Insider  "Facebook is not here to protect your freedom of speech" at 7-8-2016 comments "A massive boycott of Facebook is unrealistic", but "

publicly shame them and to hold them accountable" is feasible.

 

 

  Refernces 

 ◆  Fortune 12-12-2017  
        
Facebook encourages “fake, brittle popularity,” leaving users feeling empty and needing another hit,  ... The short-term, dopamine-driven feedback loops that we have created are destroying how society works. No civil discourse, no cooperation, [but] misinformation, mistruth.”...Facebook as a “social-validation feedback loop” that exploited weaknesses in the human psyche.... fears over what the social network is “doing to our children’s brains.”

           http://fortune.com/2017/12/12/chamath-palihapitiya-facebook-society/

 

  ◆  Fortune 9-11-2017

          http://fortune.com/2017/09/11/facebook-privacy-fine-spain/

          Facebook incurred another fine in the amount of USD1.44 million for very serious and serious privacy violations - illegally collecting personal data about people's ideologies, religious beliefs, sex and personal tastes (brief)

     

  ◆ Reuters 10-7-2015

          Max Schrems set up a website, called europe-v-facebook.org. asked the Irish Data Protection Commissioner to stop Facebook’s transfers of European users’ data to its U.S. servers because of the risk of U.S. government snooping ...  The legal battle against mass U.S. surveillance...  knocking down the Safe Harbour data transfer framework between the European Union and the United States used by more than 4,000 companies, including Facebook  (brief)

  ◆  CNBC ,  12-3-2017
        Australia would investigate whether U.S. online giants Facebook ... had disrupted the news media to the detriment of publishers and consumers...

  

  ◆ 

       WallStreetJournal   Oct. 24, 2016 1:47 p.m. ET

       www.wsj.com/articles/facebook-and-free-speech-1477331276
       Facebook and Free Speech

       They won't censor Trump but might censor you.

   ◆   The Guardian 7-2-'14

          https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2014/jul/02/facebook-apologises-psychological-experiments-on-users
               Facebook apologises for psychological experiments on 700000 users ( hid "a small percentage" of emotional words from peoples' news feeds, without their knowledge, to test what effect that had on the statuses or "likes" that they then posted or reacted to.)

  

  ◆  New York Times

cn.nytstyle.com/technology/20160829/daily-report-facebooks-attack-on-democracy/?_ga=2.212708948.1986504227.1502503826-712902575.1502503826

Daily Report: Facebook’s Attack on Democracy  
BitsBy QUENTIN HARDYAugust 29, 2016

friends tend to share one’s political biases.

a nice service: You get the kind of news you seem to enjoy reading, which speaks to your world view. On the other hand, this impedes encountering views unlike yours.
Approaching difference with empathy is at the heart of democracy, so the more our own views are endorsed by algorithms, the worse off democracy is

  ◆    New York Times https://www.nytimes.com/2016/11/22/technology/facebook-censorship-tool-china.html

Facebook Said to Create Censorship Tool to Get Back Into China   

Facebook has restricted content in other countries before, such as Pakistan, Russia and Turkey, in keeping with the typical practice of American internet companies that generally comply with government requests to block certain content after it is posted. Facebook blocked roughly 55,000 pieces of content in about 20 countries between July 2015 and December 2015,

  ◆    Daily Mail, UK  6-25-2016

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-3658797/Facial-recognition-ISN-T-reliable-Massive-test-using-million-faces-finds-controversial-technology-not-accurate-claimed.html

  ◆  CNBC  https://www.cnbc.com/2017/05/02/facebook-criticized-for-analyzing-teenagers-feelings-emotions.html
         Facebook criticized for analyzing teenagers’ feelings, accused of providing information to advertiser
        Facebook has been analyzing the emotions of teenagers and acknowledges it passed along the information to an advertiser in violation of its policies...

  ◆  UC berkeley Campus Joins Forces to Take on Issue of Fake News   UC berkeley

https://journalism.berkeley.edu/news/2017/jan/20/campus-joins-forces-take-issue-fake-news/

“Fake news now has become a big messy topic, there’s not even really agreement,”

Crump said that new platforms like social media make it easy for people to create news stories that appeal to certain readers and enhance a certain narrative. That narrative is then propagated, and “the speed with which that can happen is something that’s new and we don’t have the same gateways controlling the media that we traditionally had,

  ◆   UC berkeley

http://news.berkeley.edu/2017/05/31/journalisms-response-to-trump-the-facts-are-our-only-proper-weapon/
Journalism’s response to Trump: ‘The facts are our only proper weapon’
By Joel Bahr | May 31, 2017

     www.theguardian.com/technology/2016/sep/10/facebook-news-media-editor-vietnam-photo-censorship
 
         'Facebook needs an editor': media experts urge change after photo dispute 

   ◆   <business insider>  7-8-2016
      FB is not here to protect your freedom of speech   
            their ultimate goal is capturing our attention and keeping it so they can show us advertisements...

  ◆  USA Today

http://usatoday30.usatoday.com/tech/news/story/2012-08-03/cnbc-facebook-fake-accounts/56759964/1
 

Facebook: About 83 million accounts are fake     

about 4.8 percent of monthly active users were "duplicate accounts," which is an account that a user maintains in addition to their primary account; about 2.4 percent of the monthly active user accounts were "misclassified accounts," or accounts that represent an entity besides the user, such as a business or a pet; and about 1.5 percent of the accounts were "undesirable accounts," or accounts that purposely violate Facebook's terms of service, such as spamming.

  ◆  PROPUBLICA.org   www.propublica.org/article/facebook-lets-advertisers-exclude-users-by-race
       Facebook Lets Advertisers Exclude Users by Race
 
       Facebook’s system allows advertisers to exclude black, Hispanic, and other “ethnic affinities” from seeing ads.

by Julia Angwin and Terry Parris Jr.

Update, Feb. 8, 2017:

Facebook announced today that it has launched an automated system that will prevent advertisers from using racial categories in ads for housing, employment and credit. The system will also warn advertisers to comply with the law when using other protected categories, such as age, sex or medical condition.

  ◆  http://www.humblebunny.com/japans-top-social-media-networks-2017/

       Japanese Social Media Indicators in 2017:

T   Twitter: Japan’s Dominant Social Network ... Twitter has a big lead on Facebook in Japan and is still showing strong growth

I    Instagram is taking off just as we expected,...

F    Facebook is showing stagnation in Japan. Their growth is low and there are signs of low time being spent on the social network as well.

  ◆  http://blog.btrax.com/en/2017/01/30/japans-social-media-landscape-2017/

       Japan’s Social Media Landscape in 2017

Twitter had only recently started reporting their user numbers separated by country, and from that, we saw that they have an even bigger lead on Facebook than previously thought. Twitter themselves reported that they had 40 million monthly active users (MAU) in 2016. This is a huge lead over Facebook which has 26 million users, and Instagram which has 12 million users.

  ◆  https://www.techinasia.com/problem-with-facebook-in-japan
    
    
The Problem with Facebook in Japan

most of the participants noted their reluctance because communication in Japanese was more convenient on Mixi.

 The respondents stated that Facebook was an international platform. To communicate with their Japanese friends, they saw Mixi as just enough, citing they see no additional value in Facebook. This is an interesting finding because all of the concerns users expressed about using Facebook were related with the real name policy.

 

  ◆   https://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/jan/12/mark-zuckerberg-freedom-speech-facebook

      Mark Zuckerberg says he believes in freedom of speech. Does Facebook? 
     
When Mark Zuckerberg praised Charlie Hebdo and free speech, Facebook users cried hypocrisy,...

  ◆    http://www.wired.co.uk/article/facebook-real-name-policy-dangerous
Human rights and information freedom organisations have come together to protest Facebook's continued enforcement of an "authentic name" policy, saying in an open letter that the policy "disregards the circumstances of users in non-western countries, exposes its users to danger, disrespects the identities of its users, and curtails free speech." 

  ◆  https://www.extremetech.com/extreme/178777-facebooks-facial-recognition-software-is-now-as-accurate-as-the-human-brain-but-what-now  3-19-2014

Facebook’s facial recognition research project, DeepFace (yes really), is now very nearly as accurate as the human brain. DeepFace can look at two photos, and irrespective of lighting or angle, can say with 97.25% accuracy whether the photos contain the same face. Humans can perform the same task with 97.53% accuracy.

  ◆  NPR.ORG
         http://www.npr.org/sections/alltechconsidered/2016/05/18/477819617/facebooks-facial-recognition-software-is-different-from-the-fbis-heres-why

Facebook, according to the company, is able to accurately identify a person 98 percent of the time. Compare that with the FBI's facial recognition technology, Next Generation Identification, which according to the FBI, identifies the correct person in the list of the top 50 people only 85 percent of the time.

  ◆   https://medium.com/budnitz/what-s-really-behind-facebook-s-real-name-policy-b146574b2436What’s
         Really Behind Facebook’s Real Name Policy.
         by Paul Budnitz  
5-28-2015

         Reality is, if people were aware about all the stuff that’s stored about them, they’d freak out.

  ◆    The Guardian, UK, 4-19-2017, Facebook has 60 people working on how to read your mind https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2017/apr/19/facebook-mind-reading-technology-f8     
      
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/technology/2017/04/19/mark-zuckerberg-confirms-facebook-working-mind-reading-technology/
         Mark Zuckerberg confirms Facebook is working on mind-reading technology
         Facebook is developing technology to let users communicate using only their thoughts,.........
      
中央社   www.thenewslens.com/article/66441-2017/04/20
      

  ◆   The Independent, UK,  8-26-2017,  Kansas City Star, 8-26-2017
         Facebook is down as some users are unable to log in
.

  ◆   NTDTV, USA, 2-26-2017,  

         The number of Taiwanese Facebook active users is up to 18 million ...

 

 

Below are related news reports from China, Hong Kong, Taiwan    

◆ Taiwan NCCU  (中正大学)   http://dajia.qq.com/original/category/lsh20161117.html
    
     Facebook descrimination    2016-11-17罗世宏 
    Chinese version below : 根据ProPublica的调查报道,脸书允许广告客户避开若干少数族群,譬如房地产广告避开族群背景属于非洲裔、亚裔或拉美裔的用户。

 脸书硬拗说,“族群亲近性”不等于“种族身份”,所以脸书并无涉及种族歧视之虞。

 对此,有民权律师驳斥,脸书的这项服务明显违反美国1968年制订的《公平居住法》与1964制订的《民权法》,因为脸书的做法已涉及在房屋租售广告和就业招聘广告中排除特定种族和族群身份的对象。

算,也可能发生在执法、营销和保险业等方面,例如有色人种、贫穷、住在破败小区、失业或生病,很可能会遭受歧视待遇,并且被数据探勘技术标记为“高风险群体”,在日常生活的每一个领域都持续遭遇各种歧视待遇。换言之,那些运气较差的人可能会一直处于运气不好的际遇,并非出于纯粹是巧合的偶然性所致。

因此,这次ProPublica所揭露的脸书广告所涉及的种族歧视,恐怕只是整个图景的冰山一角,还有更多的歧视形式值得我们继续关注,特别是包括脸书在内的所有社交媒体用户更不可对此掉以轻心才是

◆  香港網站 2016-11-25 18:26
https://www.hk01.com/%E5%9C%8B%E9%9A%9B/56348/Facebook%E6%94%BB%E4%B8%AD%E5%9C%8B%E5%B8%82%E5%A0%B4-%E5%AF%A7%E6%8D%A8%E8%A8%80%E8%AB%96%E8%87%AA%E7%94%B1-%E6%98%AF%E5%A4%B1%E7%AD%96%E6%8A%91%E6%88%96%E8%B1%AA%E8%B3%AD-

Facebook自美國大選假新聞事件以來,一直備受抨擊,然而禍不單行,再被《紐約時報》爆料,引述Facebook
臉書員工表示公司正秘密研發工具,審查用戶貼文內容及監控特定地理位置的用戶貼文。

彭博社相信Facebook將以短片及名人,企圖打入中國市場。

香港網站 https://www.hk01.com/美國大選2016/53601/%E6%9C%B1%E5%85%8B%E4%BC%AF%E6%A0%BC%E7%99%BC%E8%B2%BC%E6%9A%97%E8%AB%B7%E7%89%B9%E6%9C%97%E6%99%AE%E4%B8%8D%E6%8C%89%E7%89%8C%E7%90%86-%E7%BE%8E%E5%AD%B8%E8%80%85-facebook%E5%81%87%E6%96%B0%E8%81%9E%E9%80%A0%E7%8E%8B
美國傳媒分析,Facebook
臉書或要為特朗普「爆冷」負上主要責任。原因在於媒體無力檢舉失準的消息來源,而且操控資訊流布的演算法,將片面的資訊帶給用家,...「過濾氣泡」(filter bubble),指其不能分別真假資訊,只是不斷展示用家關注的事物。...不斷收窄各人的世界觀,各人所得的資訊量偏狹,不利公眾做集體決定,選總統便是一例。

 

◆  聯合報 udn.com/news/story/6656/2609177
                      https://zh.wikipedia.org/wiki/Facebook

                      黃智賢:臉書親綠 祖克柏何須假裝不知道?


                      2017-07-28 10:02聯合報 記者黃國樑╱即時報導
                      台灣有100%的言論自由嗎?你以為蔡英文上台後,臉書才開始打壓批綠批獨的文章嗎?不不不。早就開始很久了。在台灣,臉書親綠,本來就是社會的共識。 ..... 臉書打壓的方式,花招繁複 ....  他們躲在黑洞中,管制言論。完全掌控了,哪些文章,要讓多少人看見。甚至要不要讓人看見的權力。但我們連這些黑手是誰,都不知道。我們寫的文章、po的照片,做的直播,都貢獻了臉書無盡的財富。但臉書,不對我們負責。臉書要求我們臣服,要我們被他完全掌握。 ...她批評國民黨的文章,臉書倒是從來不曾打壓呢。

 

 

 

中國時報   http://www.chinatimes.com/newspapers/20170728001228-260102

        管制! 批蔡、批民進黨 紛遭停權!臉書綠色恐怖 祖克柏 你知道嗎?

「台灣臉書審核機制讓人看不懂」!智庫執行長孫立群表示,行政院科技政委唐鳳月前公開推動「寧靜科技」,不久後批評蔡英文、民進黨等貼文或帳號,紛紛被處以停權,顯然臉書言論管制有相當針對性。

...,台灣臉書管理者控制言論自由的舉動,已讓臉書淪為政治鬥爭的場域,也讓台灣陷入綠色恐怖之中。

中國時報 http://www.chinatimes.com/realtimenews/20170727003000-260407


      
藍智庫質疑臉書搞「綠色恐怖」籲公開審查機制  2017年07月27日
 

「台灣臉書變綠了!」... 民進黨執政後,臉書儼然進入綠色恐怖時期,任何批評蔡政府等貼文或帳號,紛紛被下架、停權,如此控制言論自由的作法,...,台灣臉書應公開相關審查機制,... 台灣臉書審查機制除軟體偵測外,還有臉友檢舉,若內容違反《臉書社交守則》就會被刪除,然而守則的標準卻很模糊,也不知道審核者究竟是誰,只知道從未聽聞綠營有人臉書被封鎖。

 

  孫繼正表示,他的臉書帳號在罷免黃國昌活動進入第二階段時,無預警地在36小時內被停權3次,用手機無法登入,連換成朋友帳號也不行,朋友懷疑他手機IP是否被鎖定。最後只得寫英文申訴信給臉書恢復權限,孫繼正認為臉書言論倒退50年。

 

台灣醒報 2015-02-27 [2017-03-03] http://anntw.com/articles/20150227-mQLX

     消失的雲端自由夢-從教授的臉書封鎖事件談起(邱慕天) 

...臉書...用自己的浮動標準「任意封殺」使用者,運作新的極權體制。

... 國內外各處歸結的說法都表示:「只要是買過廣告的帳號,臉書在申訴處理都會更用心謹慎,甚至派真人客服出面溝通問題。」...

... 「花個200塊小錢買廣告」,作為爭議人物的自保之道。...

... 臉書迭以毫無程序正義、雙向透明審議的方式處理使用者的線上訴訟,...,臉書內容治理的灰色地帶太大:告訴乃論、主觀心證、黑箱審理、申訴無門。...,唯有團結起來以「白色力量」,去要求它、...

蘋果日報 http://www.appledaily.com.tw/realtimenews/article/new/20170803/1175134/

    
  
 綠色恐怖?臉書說明:涉霸凌、仇恨言論才刪文
 

    國民黨智庫日前指控臉書管控management and control 言論、搞「綠色恐怖」,質疑民進黨政府上台後,親藍人士如陳長文、黃士修,在臉書發表質疑政府政策的文章遭封鎖,還有部分人士的臉書帳號遭停權
    網路媒體《上報》今晚報導,NCC委員陳憶寧去函臉書公司,關切其對社群及使用者貼文post、帳號的管理準則。臉書香港及台灣公共政策總監陳澍(George Chen)前天具名回函,解釋據臉書社群規範,涉及霸凌、騷擾、仇恨言論及濫發垃圾訊息等,才會遭到刪文。
     陳澍回函說明,臉書設計全球性的社群守則時,主要考量用戶真實性和內容安全性,針對用戶擁有多個個人檔案、冒充他人檔案,會要求關閉多餘檔案或將其移除。
     針對國民黨質疑言論遭封鎖、用戶檢舉標準不明確,回函指出,臉書尊重並推崇言論自由,但也會處理違反臉書社群守則的言論,如用戶針對特定族群發表仇恨言論,或涉嫌濫用帳號、反覆發送垃圾訊息,都可能導致帳號遭停權、貼文被刪除。

蘋果日報 http://www.appledaily.com.tw/realtimenews/article/politics/20170727/1169509/

     
    
 臉書批蔡英文就被封鎖停權 藍智庫控「綠色恐怖」

          2017年07月27日11:31

 

       台灣臉書管理者控制言論自由的舉動,已讓臉書淪為政治鬥爭的場域,也讓台灣陷入綠色恐怖之中。台灣的臉書使用者應該團結起來,向國際發聲,控訴這個畸型且違法的現象,制止綠色黑手伸進臉書、打壓台灣的言論自由。
 
 
     國民黨智庫國家政策研究基金會上午召開記者會說,臉書每月活躍用戶數在台灣達1800萬人,自民進黨執政後,多人臉書遭封鎖、停權、下架和禁止分享,質疑台灣臉書審核者有問題,已進入「綠色恐怖時期」,言論自由遭到箝制、打壓,情況越來越嚴重。
        國民黨智庫說,日前知名的法學教授、律師陳長文以《民進黨政府正在復辟刑法一百條》為題投書媒體,質疑嚴格管制退將赴大陸的蔡政府有違法治精神,結果這篇文章的連結,竟一度遭到臉書封鎖,甚至連政大法律系副教授廖元豪要分享這篇文章,都被封鎖,讓廖大嘆,「臉書問題實在很大。」  

 

 Apple Dauly (蘋果日報)  8-15-2017

        Too many frauds on Facebook
        (臉書購物半月詐150客   佯名牌下殺  收假貨找無賣家)

聯合報 https://udn.com/news/story/6656/2613440

      許毓仁:FB algorithm is fine  7-30-2017

   Liberty Times (自由時報)   http://news.ltn.com.tw/news/politics/paper/1122336

      
     
藍控臉書染綠 NCC:尊重社媒守則

       2017-07-28
         立委批國民黨:滿腦子黨國思想者 才會想要控制國際社群媒介

〔記者陳鈺馥、施曉光、陳炳宏、楊淳卉、李欣芳/台北報導〕國民黨智庫、國家政策基金會昨日召開記者會,指控自民進黨執政後,臉書已進入「綠色恐怖」時代,連發表罷免時代力量立委黃國昌的文章,帳號都直接被停權封鎖,這種箝制言論自由的「綠色恐怖」,連臉書創辦人札克柏格都不知道,國家通訊傳播委員會(NCC)、數位政務委員唐鳳均應出面處理。
國民黨智庫國家政策基金會昨召開記者會指控台灣臉書「綠色恐怖」,頻管制批綠言論,將臉書使用人帳號停權處理。臉書總公司回應表示,不特別針對單一事件回應。

自由時報http://news.ltn.com.tw/news/life/breakingnews/2153565
       2017-08-04 22:12

     不為打臉國民黨 NCC:諮詢Facebook臉書是為用戶權益
 

 TVBS  https://news.tvbs.com.tw/tech/603746  2015/06/17

       臉辨識同步分享照片 臉書開發新程式

大量上傳的照片裡,Facebook臉書宣稱他們的人臉辨識正確率達98%,並且能在8億張照片當中,只需花5秒就可以辨識出目標臉孔,就算照片只拍到半張臉,或是你根本不在照片裡面,運算系統依舊能依,靠照片中的景物細節,加上其它有你在內的照片背景,來判定你是否有參加聚會,只是Facebook臉書科技發展到這個地步,不免讓人擔心,人類未來的隱私將蕩然無存

◆  tech.163.com/16/1124/08/C6KHL9MB00097UF6.html
揭秘:脸书假新闻背后的真问题到底是什么?
2016-11-24 08:55:23 来源: 网易科技报道 举报

《混乱的猴子》的作者Antonio Garcia-Martinez,他说:“Facebook臉書和谷歌的人都躲在数学运算后面,他们极厌恶成为媒体公司,

◆  中国日报网

       蛮拼的!为了解封Facebook臉書账户 必须使用“雷人”用户名

       2015-07-15 14:38

       "So many people set up accounts in fake names so random people can't add them or so theydon't have to awkwardly decline requests from people they know but don't want to be 'friends'with.

  “

ps

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