台灣 Taiwan
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        Taiwan

News:  DailyMail UK,  France 24 , 4-20-2020:  世衛與白宮因台灣通報內容互槓 CoronaVirus: WHO chief hits back (by "Taiwan didn't report any human-to-human transmission," , "Taiwan's email was only seeking further information.") at Trump's claims (White House 4-15-2020: WHO kept Taiwan's lead from the public)   FOXnews 4-9-2020, CNBC 4-8-20:  WHO chief addresses death threats, racist insults from Taiwan (WHO譚德塞 : 種族侮辱來自台灣) <中時社論> 4-10-2020: 台灣的網路霸凌揚威國際<聯合報> 社評 4-11-2020:  台灣放任網民向譚德塞發動攻擊Reuters (路透社) 2-26-2020:  Taiwan should continue to show goodwill to China during coronavirus outbreak and not give Beijing an excuse to attack the island as a way of relieving “internal pressure” ... Chinese public opinion believes people in Taiwan lack sympathy about China’s virus outbreak... 台灣應對大陸釋出善意  以免對岸因內部壓力而動武  大陸民意認為台灣人民對大陸CovID19疫情缺乏同情 ;   L.A. Times 1-10-2020 ~ 1-11-2020:  Taiwan election... a vote guided by anxiety about China ... Taiwan's president sweeps to reelection, setting the stage for chilly relations with China.(亡國感發酵  蔡英文連任 兩岸關係涼颼颼)  Bloomberg 1-9-2020: Slow income growth and aging society post challenge ahead, Taiwanese income-per-person, income per capita, lowest of Four Tigers.(台灣薪低 失業率低)   New York Times, 9-5-2019:  This Is How a War (USA) With China Could Begin.    The Independent  (UK),11-25-2019:  Taiwan president Tsai's ruling party denounced “The enemy of democracy is China. At present Taiwan's most ambitious opponent, competitor, is also China”.    WSJ (Wall Street Journal) 9-20-2019: 中國外交明顯大勝台灣 It’s clearly a big win for China having the two largest allies of Taiwan in the Pacific drop so quickly...  New York Times 9-20-2019:  As Taiwan Loses Influence, China Gains Ground in Race With U.S. 外交洗牌的直接输家是台湾政府;   World Economic Forum (WEF)  <Travel and tourism competitiveness report>,  9-4-2019: 台灣的觀光旅遊競爭力是區域中跌幅最大的, 排名亞洲第10 , 台灣的 prioritization (旅遊優先)排全球75...  紐約時報 (New York Times), 7-31-2019, CNN 8-1-2019: 中國著眼於選舉  停止自由行來台旅遊   Independent UK  8-1-2019:  It is a blow for Taiwan’s tourism industry.   美國洛杉磯時報, 8-1-2019:  中国無限期停簽可能會對台灣經濟,文化交流造成造成重大衝擊  (The indefinite suspension is likely to prove a major economic hit to Taiwan, as well as a blow to cultural interplay)紐約時報 (New York Times)  4-10-2019:  The US considers Taiwan's political status to be undetermined ... Taiwan Relations Act. calls for Taiwan's status to be determined by peaceful means.台灣地位未定 須和平決定;   Washington Post, 3-28-2019:  美國不如中國對台灣的影響力普遍 in Taiwan, it’s China that dominates every discussion ..., while the United States is seen as largely absent.    Bloomberg 7-15-2019:  台灣位居美國西太平洋國安鏈樞紐之一;   紐約時報 (New York Times)  4-1-2019: 台灣抗議共機穿越海峽中線  聯合報 4-1-2019: 共機越中線 抗議美艦3度穿海峽  Japan Times, 4-1-2019: 中國解讀美艦穿為支持台灣自治( those sailings have likely been interpreted by China as implicit support for self-ruled Taiwan)  Reuters 2-25-2019: 美艦激怒中国(US Navy ships pass through strategic Taiwan Strait, riling China.)   紐約時報 (New York Times) 1-19-2019:  台灣大多數人民想維持實質獨立,但也不想招惹共軍犯台。 法國 Le Monde France 1-2-2019:  中國不能排除武統 ( « n’exclut pas » la force pour récupérer Taïwan)。  Washington Post, 8-20-2018:  美國政策無法預料  台灣處境危險且不穩Taiwan's precarious role in the China-US spat (Trump adm.'s Taiwan policy is unpredictable);   CBS News 11-14-2018:  美國若為台灣與解放軍作戰、很可能陷入苦戰 險勝或遭擊敗 ( decisive military defeat.) / National Defense Strategy Commission  ;  紐約時報 11-28-2018: 台灣是倒向中國的第一張骨牌嗎? (Will Taiwan be the first Domino to fall to China ?) ;   New York Times, 11-23-2018:  經濟就業與年金改革導致民進黨選舉大敗, 中國表示選舉結果反映人民想改善兩岸關係之欲望;     Le Monde (France), 11-24-2018: A Taïwan, des élections sous influence chinoise.   Annual Report to US Congress ( Military and Security Developments Involving the PRC ), 8-17-2018  美國防報告 :  Much of Beijing’s defense budget is focused on developing the capability to unify Taiwan by force (北京將大量國防預算  集中於發展武統台灣的軍事力量) 紐約時報 (NY Times), 6-12-2018: AIT新館落成 , 美國不派高官來台(no top officials) 以免增加美中衝突;  USA Today 5-18-2018: Xi JinPing has signaled that China will seek to reclaim its historical properties by 2049.(習近平已發出信號將尋求2040年收回台灣);   Freebeacon 5-17-2018 :   2020—the deadline that [Chinese supreme leader] Xi Jinping has given the [People's Liberation Army] to be ready to invade Taiwan (2020年 - 習近平給人民解放軍準備入侵台灣的最後期限);   美國聽證會(4-17-2018)Rep. Ted Soho: Seems likely Xi will force the issue in his life time (看來習任內將強制完成統一Subcommittee Hearing: Reinforcing the U.S.-Taiwan Relationship (EventID=108170) ) ;Bloomberg 3-14-2018: 中國真正的憂慮不是貿易戰、而是美國打'台灣牌' Trump's "Taiwan card" (to annoy China when needed) is China's real worry.   Deutsche Welle 3-17-2018: 中國對川普簽署之台灣旅行法反應憤怒   (<台旅法>間接承認台灣為國家!?   "visits to a country by United States cabinet members ...".).   Bloomberg 3-14-2018:  台灣成為 兩強夾心餅乾, 處境更為煎熬 Taiwan will suffer even more, as it gets caught  in the middle between a stronger China and a inward-looking US...               

美國 FreeBeacon  , 10-19-2017 : "中國習近平對台獨的籲請, 猛力關上大門 (Slams the Door on Taiwanese Appeals for Independence)";  紐約時報 (NY Times), 10-19-2017:  習近平呼籲台灣回歸祖國, 如同港澳般實行愛國者為主體的自治 ,... "绝不允许任何人、任何组织、任何政党、在任何时候、以任何形式、把任何一块中国领土从中国分裂出去!”  這段誓辭贏得全場最熱烈的掌聲(in 19th CPC Congress Speech). ;   華盛頓郵報 (Washington Post) , 10-18-2017: 習近平所謂"任何一块中国领土",包括了台灣,以及其他爭議中的小島  德國 Spiegel, 1-9-2017, Global times of China: 一中原則 ... 沒有討價還價的餘地("Es gibt keinen Raum für Verhandlungen"). 法國Le Monde diplomatique of France, Mai 2016,(click for details)將台灣喻為不面對大貓、卻正在發抖求救("$O$" )的老鼠 五角大廈於May 2017警告:台灣過去可以遏制中國襲擊的「許多優勢」(包括美國協防),已經被中國的軍事現代化「削弱或消除了」

                                            

介紹台灣

英文總統在英國BBC (Jan. 15, 2020) 專訪時表明: 「我們稱自己 中華民國台灣」 ("We call ourselves the Republic of China, Taiwan" ), 但 BBC 稍後將之更改為 "the Republic of China (Taiwan)".  蔡英文在5-20-2020就職演講中, 重申希望二岸穩定, 但拒絕被香港化(semiautonomy), 因為蔡所代表的民進黨主張台灣獨立,  北京立即回應決不給台獨分裂活動任何空間就職演講後, 大陸兩會(5-22-2020)開幕報告一反約40年的慣例, 不再提"和平"只講"統一" 猶記美國政府出資的 Voice of America, 7-30-2019 曾報導北京当局(對香港反送中活動)警告一国两制的底线不可触碰...... 兩會果然動手(港版國安法)台灣聯合報 5-24-2020 社論指出: 北京(對台)的底線畫得明確  台灣是否還要繼續踩 踏紅線」 呢?   '19年11月中共官方、2020年4月中共官媒 先後對港發出最嚴重的戰爭聲調勿謂言之不預(外媒譯"'don't say I didn't warn u")英國 Financial Times 5-19-2020報導: 面對中共加劇的軍事恫嚇 騷擾行動, 台灣已感到 懼怕 (Taiwan fears uptick in military threat from China in wake of coronavirus epidemic) 英國 The SUN,  5-25-2020報導:  the move has sparked fears in Taiwan of a possible invasion of its Pratas islands  - which could then be used as a staging point for an attack on the mainland之後, 台灣在美國Fox News ( 5-26-2020 ) 發出求援訊號 ( warns Taiwan is next on Chinese agenda ( military actions ) and asks for international support.   )  近年台灣一直請纓打第一線、 空槍下戰場、"poking the bear" ,被<Foreign Policy>尊稱為「 智者」("leading thinker")

    

中華民國憲法一直明載「一個中國」的國家定位, 中国(The People's Republic of China)長久以來也認定台灣  (Taiwan  the Republic of China )屬於中國不可分割的一部分,而且為其核心利益,必要時將以武力解決台灣問題,New York Times, 5-12-2020報導 Pew Research Center民調:  52% 民眾支持與大陸更親蜜的經濟往來, 但只有 36% 喜歡更緊密的政治關係。 美國洛杉磯時報 (8-1-2019) :台灣政府民調顯示,80%以上的人民喜歡"autonomy"(維持現狀) 紐約時報 (New York Times) 1-19-2019:  台灣大多數人民想維持實質獨立,但也不想招惹共軍犯台。 自從2016年蔡英文當選總統後,因為她的民進黨拒絕國共約定的九二共識(只有一個中國兩岸可各自表述何者為合法),中共加強了軍事經濟的壓力與外交影響, 截至2020年中,台灣邦交國只剩15( Taiwan loses Salvador.  China rankled TW president's visit to NASA - LA Times 8-20-2018, 半年失去3邦交國),且多為爾小邦, 北京隨時可進一步挫敗台外交,另手的軟策略則是對台「讓利」(比方鼓勵赴台旅遊、提供吸引台胞的軟實力發展機 會  法國 le monde diplmatique , may 2019 ;  中時 5-30-2020:  台灣出口4成依賴中國大陸,  2010年ECFA,讓台灣水果銷陸翻倍,石化產品銷陸占比高達9成,金融機構到大陸設點賺人民幣,包含高舉台灣獨立的陽信銀行家族),希望更多台灣人傾向統一。( 紐約時報 (New York Times), 7-31-2019, CNN 8-1-2019: 中國著眼於選舉  暫停自由行來台旅遊  L.A. Times,  8-1-2019:  無限期停簽 自由行可能對台灣經濟,文化交流造成造成重大衝擊。  )  近年來,台灣超過三分之二的海外直接投资於對岸,大陸已成為台灣最大的贸易伙伴 , 2017年台灣從大陸賺得近1200億美元順差。N.Y. Times 12-3-2019:大陸與台灣之間的貿易額從1999年的約355億美元已上升到2017年的1810+億美元 實際的台灣人一致認為:  與大陸的經濟依存無法避免,但過度仰赖則存在風险; 英國BBC(2019) 報導 部分台灣人認為龐大的投資中國使共軍犯台機率減低 法國 Le Monde diplomatic (2016)指出 : 互補的兩岸經濟正在競爭 (Mais les économies des deux rives, qui étaient complémentaires, entrent désormais en concurrence. Les entreprises taïwanaises sont progressivement exclues de la mise en place d’une chaîne de production et d’approvisionnement chinoise ... ) 台灣目前試圖增強與其他亞洲國家的貿易以減少對大陸的依賴,就得作更加開放與競爭力的改革 (heritage.org)

台灣創造了經濟奇蹟 ,成為世界重要電子產品生產廠與亞洲主要貿易國家 、世界第22大經濟體 , 據Global Wealth Report (Credit Suisse, Oct., 2018)統計台灣成人的平均財富USD 212,375, 接近西歐水平 ( UK USD 279,048, France USD  280,580) 與新加坡USD 283,118Hong Kong 244,672;  但國家總財富或佔全球比率僅1.3%,低於中國的16.4%、美國31%日本7.5%、韓國2.2% 而新加坡的國民所得GDP per adult 是台灣的二倍多。 Global Wealth Report (Credit Suisse, Oct., 2019) 報導台灣的wealth per adult與義、德相近, Hong Kong (world No.2)日本新加坡(6th)(4th)(5th)等亞太國家。聯合報社論(12-3-2019): 台灣去年平均經常性月薪為NTD38,000 (約USD1,200), 比2001年還少100多元  聯合報社論(11-5-2019):台灣經濟真的重回四小龍第一?  https://udn.com/news/story/11321/4144692

    

台灣高科技產品曾在全球經濟扮演要角,其關鍵技術 、 零組件須仰賴日本與美國的提供  (台灣甚至缺乏關鍵技術製造大巴士 / CTN , 3-29-2017), 且低薪將使台灣高科技產業居人後。 近年來台灣的人均GDP排名節節後退聯合報 社論, 12-5-2017 :  台北薪資已輸給北京 截至11-5-2018 台灣GDP輸給南韓。  2016~2018年中国的GDP約為台灣的23倍, 至2019年廣東一省GDP便是台灣2倍多,大陸7 省皆已超過台灣(CTN, 3-14-2019)台灣2年內可能落到大陸十省之後。聯合報(1-28-2019): 北上廣深四城的人均GDP皆已逼近台灣 據中研院'17年底報告,政府若不 儘快解決法律環評  、對大陸過度保守等問題台灣未來10年至少會被15-30個國家超越 台灣 '17「川習會」後台灣媒體UDN擔憂過去「美中共管」台灣的模式是否 有所改變? 中時 5-15-2018: 10年前陸美聯手管控台獨但今日大陸掌控力不斷增...。

    

日本読売新聞社説(6-22-2017) 評論: 美國負責加強台灣的防務,是維護台海和平與穩定的關鍵 ( "米国は台湾の防衛力強化を担っており、台湾海峡の平和と安定のカギを握る。") 。 Foreign Policy 5-15-2020持此說 台灣的唯一'ally'美國, 對兩岸採取戰略模糊("strategic ambiguity")政策    "認知"(“acknowledge”)台灣屬於中國 , 但不"承認"(“recognize”)台灣屬於中国, 並根據 台灣關係法出售防衛武器給台灣 (但缺乏能使台灣佔有真正優勢的重要系統), 自1949年 起對台國防扮演極其重要的角色長年以來,台灣政府期望的子女冒生命危險来保衛家園,且假設美國一定會出兵解救台湾, 台灣兩黨的政策,導致了 軍力不足且士氣低落。Foreign Policy, 2-15-2020 指出台灣軍方是"空 包彈" ( Hollow Shell )美國國防部官員私下對台灣部隊和後備軍表達了悲觀的評估 Washington Post 1-5-2018 報導許多美國高官視台灣為美中障礙, 甚至是壞一碗粥的鼠屎(“the turd in the punchbowl”)。 然而 中共認為美國仍有許多勢力(many forces)支持台灣,作為對抗中国的籌碼 (PS: Bloomberg 3-14-2018: some US national security hawks, New York Times at  4-18-2018: Mr. Trump questioned why the US should be bound by the One China policy if Beijing will not budge on trade ... The U.S. and Taiwan are seen as heading in a direction that is getting perilously close to Chinese red lines......, VOAnews, 3-23-2018 : John Bolton (Trump's new National Security Adviser) has long argued that Washington can play a "Taiwan card" to compel Beijing's attention for its potentially destabilizing actions in East Asia and the South China Sea. )

    

蘇聯解體後, 中國牌失去價值, 反成對手, 台灣棋順風登場, 川普祝賀蔡英文當選, 卻沒祝賀習近平當選,   蔡英文總統在2016就職演講,提到了《中華民國憲法》和两岸法條,imply已接受了“一個中國”的框架, 但 蔡又拒絕endorse九二共識解放軍進入備戰(battle ready)狀態; 蔡英文2020年後 若修憲勢必牽動局勢 。聯合報 5-22-2020 社論擔心: 台灣充當美國抗中急先鋒,是否終將成為戰場的棄子或砲灰。 美國學者(MSU, 5-4-2018) 指出美國『台灣關係法』等約定模糊, 並沒有"鐵定"的保護承諾 ( an “iron-clad” commitment )  Duke univ 與政大的調查('18)發現一旦兩岸戰爭6成以上國民選擇逆來順受或投降逃跑,  華府一研討會('17)引用的民調顯示僅18%美國人民支持美軍助台 (CTN opinion, 4-21-2018) New York Times 9-5-2019: 中美就台灣問題爆發戰爭是一場災難, 但台灣被封鎖或被迫屈服,也會是一場災難;  因為超過90%的最先進電腦晶片來自 台灣,台也可阻擋中國的影響力投向太平洋或沖繩等地。紐時 5-19-2020 報導台積電被逼到美國建廠 用作制中的 "Pressure Point";  日本経済新聞 ( Nikkei news, Nihon keizai shinbun )言此將弱台灣 安全 繼台灣國安情報子預測共軍攻台機率可達7成後, 又聲明「 趨利避害」不再攪入中美在西太平洋的對立 蔡英文(12-29-2017)認為對台動武的可能性應該不在習思考範圍內, 但於CNN ( 2-19-2020 )專訪時改口" 台灣擋住解放軍首波攻擊後,希望國際聲援施壓"。當國際政論分析目前武統不太可能時, 中共官媒指出解放軍能迅速制服台灣並阻絕美軍 ( effectively overwhelm the Taiwan military and deter the US)'20年初中共兩 度越過海峽中線, 陸美在台海周邊頻頻秀肌肉, 爭端升高美國 CBS news 11-14-2018,  美國若為台灣與解放軍 或俄羅斯作戰、很可能陷入苦戰   險勝或遭擊敗。 根據美國五角大廈'eye-opening' 的軍演模擬,  到2030年也會有類似結果 (The Australian, 5-18-2020, The Times, UK)Washington Post, 5-30-2020: 中美關係迅速惡化,  這是數十年來最嚴重 的情況 ( rapid deterioration in relations, already at their worst in decades.)

 

雖然實質上台灣已具備國家的要件,但卻不斷自我 傷害形象, 不少行徑有如"窮斯濫"之國,醜態百出耍賴擺爛 ,已成國際公害, 比方非法'海盜'捕魚, 台灣改正速度還不及一干東南亞小國:

● 司法不公  USA Country Reports on Human Rights practices(美國人權報告),  3-11-2020:  法官與檢察官的公正遭到學者與政治評論的公開質疑 ;   2019年3月13日的美國人權報告(USA Country Reports on Human Rights practices) 在貪污與政府透明度方面指出司法不獨立且執行政治目的調查工作(" justice ministry was insufficiently independent and conducted politically motivated investigations of politicians. "), 美國國務院 人權報告(2016-2019): 台灣司法不獨立 <聯合報> 10-20-2019: 政治凌駕司法 <自由時報>頭版<中國時報>頭版, 12-8-2018:司法改革未有明顯進展 招來民怨;  <聯合報> "司法仍在當打手" <聯合報> ,  06-18-2016:  "檢察" <聯合報> <聯合報>

 

●  言論自由國界記者組織 (法國 RSF, <Reporters Sans Frontieres> ) , 4-18-2019:  台灣雖然宣稱要持續推動言論自由,但很少採用具體實質完整的 措施與方法來改善記者的編輯獨立性並鼓勵媒體提昇公共議題的品質,另一方面,北京正利用台灣媒體老闆在中國有商業立利益這個弱點施壓台灣媒體...  USA Country Reports on Human Rights practices(美國人權報告),  3-11-2020: 台灣媒體的母公司因為在中國大陸的商業利益和生意,報導內容遭到中國當局的審查,倘若內容不符合「政治胃口」的話,重則對刊登這類文章的媒體抽廣告 2019年3月13日的美國人權報告(USA Country Reports on Human Rights practices)  : 媒體所有權集中對新聞自由 產生影響;新聞置入性行銷情況嚴重,罷工權嚴格受限。台灣工會密度遠低於經濟合作暨發展組織(OECD)的17%平均值,78.2%中小企業員工無法成立工會,大型企業則透過調動或將工會成員列入晉升黑名單。

 

 貪腐  自由時報  社論 1-12-2020: 完全執政的腐壞氣息已現 2019年12月25日  總統大選政見發表會登場國民黨韓國瑜批民進黨蔡英文領導下貪官污吏可以"大貪特貪", 蔡回辯講貪污應更記得國民黨,親民黨宋楚瑜認為國民黨與民進黨是貪腐與司法不公的難兄難弟 蘋果日報 12-7-2018 社論  : 台灣除了官商勾結,貪腐破表外,領先中國、印尼、巴西、菲律賓、越南等貪污大國之處,在於還有黑道橫行。黑道輔佐官商民代發財,其臭無比的食物鏈 超越藍綠...( https://tw.appledaily.com/headline/daily/20181207/38199252/) ;  Transparency International 1-29-2019: 台灣貪腐不像南韓有所改善進展 (Taiwan has stagnated in the Corruption Perspective Index rankings since 2011 with its score 61~63 (dropped 2 spots this year), in contrast, South Korea improved by 3 points in 2017.)  

 

 缺陷民主 New York Times, 1-11-2020: Taiwan’s young and vibrant, if messy at times, democratic society. (台灣 活躍不成熟的民主時而亂七八糟 英國經濟學人Economist EIU Democracy Index 2019 : 台灣是"缺陷民主" ("Flawed democracy"), 總分比 2015與2016年低, "政治文化political culture", "政治參與political participation" 分數大約是不及格 (5.63, 與6.11分) N.Y. Times  12-3-2019:  soft underbelly of Taiwanese politics: patronage networks.  they continue to allow community leaders, farmers’ associations and even organized-crime figures to buy votes.(選舉仍有買票) <中國時報> 2-26-2020: 「民主成就」的背後,卻是愈來愈不受節制的行政權與萎縮的立法權,言論自由受到行政、司法權層層威脅... 政治文化只問黨派立場與意識形態 <蘋果日報>社論, 12-7-2019: 選舉風氣大壞, 總統成為低門檻低資格要求的職業與笑柄...   <Foerign Policy> 2015: 台灣政治屬於財團(非人民),且為政客控制 中國時報 3-29-2019 頭條新聞: 不容打著民主招牌反民主, 走向歐威爾式獨裁...  蘋果日報 3-29-2019 社論: 民主自由是藍綠白都不可失守的底線, 執政者尤其不該渾水摸魚, 製造寒蟬效應  (https://tw.appledaily.com/headline/daily/20190329/38294369/)  <聯合報> 社論, 12-6-2018:  有名無實的民主。    <聯合報> 社論, 3-7-2017: 台灣如今似乎連民主的皮相也難以維持了...「民生」已經變成政治的犧牲品... <聯合報> 社論, 6-23-2019: 大數據成為政客操縱民意的利器民主運作往往偏離多數民意無法解決民主倒退的困境... (brief)

 

●  販毒中心 台灣竟成亞洲製毒販毒中心 <中國時報 周刊王> (The China Times, Want Weekly) , 9-18-2019台灣 已淪製毒王國」 <聯合報> (United Daily) 頭版頭條, 11-2-2017 台灣成為惡名昭彰的「毒品轉運中心」 「輸出大國」的污名 坐實 日本與澳洲警方已將台灣列為毒品輸出"高風險國家"但台灣卻反對改變 <中國時報>(The China Times) 頭版頭條, 4-4-2017,  <聯合報>社論, 11-6-2017, <自由時報>(The Liberty Times), 5-12-2017

 

 侵犯隱私  聯合報 , 社論, 3-31-2019 台灣打算出賣民眾個資與數位人權(e.g., 民眾健康疾病用藥資料, 連最基本告知當事人也做不到)窺視網路言行甚至可能監控全民, 個人難以察覺... 台灣是個個資保護落後的國家  (brief https://udn.com/news/story/7338/3728815) ; 聯合 (UDN) 3-16-2019 (brief):  資通法之違反人權條款不斷復活.  今初審通過之電信法竟可完成記錄民眾一切電信行為(通話與上網), 歐威爾小說<1984> (Orwellian "1984" )裡的"老大哥"("Big Brother" )可謂已登神位, 公民將彷彿透明人似...  蘋果日報, 5-28-2018: 洲個資法(EU General Data Protection Regulation - GDPR)正式上路,  台灣甚至反其道而行  /  NTU professor 林鈺雄   

 

人口走私  美國人口走私報告 US  state government - 2019 Trafficking in persons report, Jun. 2019: 過去五年來,人口販運集團走私外國男女到台灣被迫從事勞動和性交易,當地男女 也遭受強迫性的勞動,台灣當地婦女和兒童則被迫遭受性交易販賣。  人口販運集團以毒癮引誘國內外國女性和兒童從事非法性交易販運 販運者通過欺詐性婚姻和欺騙性就業機會,將來自中國和東南亞國家的婦女引誘到台灣。...  USA Country Reports on Human Rights practices(美國人權報告),  3-11-2020:  外籍勞工深受壓迫成為受害者,家庭看護工亦常受到僱主濫用或虐待,他們都負擔高額仲介費,面臨不平等對待...

 

 東廠活躍 <聯合報>  社論  (9-19-2018)  「東廠們」已經活躍在我們四周...;<自由時報>頭版<中國時報>頭版, 12-8-2018:「東廠事件」嚴重挫傷政府公信力 ;  <聯合報> 11-2-2018 頭版頭條 報導「國安局證實偵蒐臉書」,監控網路社群 之爭議訊息,「 老大哥正看著你」幾乎確定引起「寒蟬效應」<聯合報> 11-3-2018: 臉書等所有平台業者被要求交出用戶個資(intel denied)一群情治系統 的幫派繼續運作繼續 治國...  他們是真正的行政院長, ...情治單位疑涉入劉邦友彭 婉如等懸 案  (ref to 2018.7.26【政經看民視】 FTV, "政經看民視", 7-26-2018;  SET(三立電視), 9-24-2013 "Secret agents govern the nation (特務治國)" www.youtube.com/watch?v=rBdZCdYrwF4;  Era TV,   年代電視, 9-22-2013; https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=L1b4R2m6K3g; "Secret agent systems resurgence to control the nation (特務復辟治國)" ; <聯合報> 社論, 12-21-2017: 「白色恐怖 漆成綠色 我們依然認得」 <聯合報> 社論, 12-27-2017: 台灣許多作為 屬「國家暴力」(「白色恐怖」為其產品 )重現「若不叫做'國家暴力', 甚麼才是國家暴力?」.../ ref to https://udn.com/news/story/11321/2897025

 

●  歧視   2019年3月13日的美國人權報告(USA Country Reports on Human Rights practices) : 婦女懷孕是台灣常見的勞動歧視現象,性騷擾與不公平待遇等案件也時有所聞,社會文化因素(社會壓力使家族蒙羞)使許多婦女隱忍不報性侵數字應7~10倍於通報數 ;性侵也見於殘障人士性剝削見於兒童,外籍家庭主婦與陸配、 LGBTI 、HIV/AIDS 仍舊遭到歧視...

 

  國際詐騙 台灣變成國際詐騙輸出國,已成國際公害 /   <聯合報> 社論, 12-24-2017   台灣人詐騙全球 惡名昭彰 重創台灣形象 /  < EBC TV>, 4-9-2017    台灣把詐騙犯當成資產 "Taiwan largely sees these telecom frauds(phone scammers) as an asset rather than liability..." / <quora>, 4-16-2016   冰凍三尺非一日寒台灣要洗刷詐騙王國的汙名, 並不簡單  /  <中國時報>, 11-7-2017 (亞洲警察學會秘書長)

 

●  酷刑 台灣一再拖延修正刑法反酷刑(torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment ), 無視國際人權專家會審調查之結論意見, ref .<蘋果日報>, opinion - headline, 12-9-2017Taiwan's opposition party vice presidential candidate, NTU professor Lin Ruey-Shiung, was subject to electromagnetic wave attacks (French AFP ,Dec. 1, 2011 , Thailand's Bangkok Post,  Dec. 3, 2011, Yahoo UK & Ireland, etc. ), Taiwan gov. denied this.     Liberty Times 6-7-2019  : Control Yuan's new mission - against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment / Pavel Doubek  ●  聯合報, editorial, 5-6-2019: 監察院(之彈劾...)著眼於自己人, 未幫助弱勢 (brief).

 

台灣食安問題一再凸搥。去年戴奧辛、芬普尼毒蛋事件,現在冒出「乃卡巴精」禁藥殘留事件。 芬普尼歐陸緊急應變,台灣卻紋風不動,今年官員害怕反彈而隱藏訊息,還縱容業者將問題蛋品回收,同一批問題蛋重新變成促銷品上市重新出售。( brief )  <聯合報> 2-17-2019: 芬普尼毒蛋快吃完,政府才發佈訊息  The China Times (中國時報), 2-28-2019,  社論 (editorial) 質疑台灣官員亟力掩飾疫情 馬立克病毒仍在雞場漫延 ... (brief)     台灣政府愚民政策, 淵遠流長   近期包括隱瞞毒蛋環狀豬疫苗禽流感疫情 (1-3-2018, UDN, ps: 2012 BBC 就曾報導 www.bbc.com/zhongwen/trad/chinese_news/2012/03/120304_taiwan_birdflu_investigate) 皆慢半拍<中國時報>, 5-26-2018 "別讓民眾最後才知道": 台灣政府愛刻意隱匿事實粉釋太平.....http://www.chinatimes.com/newspapers/20180526000648-260109

 

●  人民安全   中國時報 2-25-2020 社論 (筆室)  : 所得分配惡化,產生「飢寒起盜心」的社會治安敗壞現象。2001年後,台灣「犯罪人口率」到2018年惡化程度超過5成  聯合報 2-8-2018: 台灣政府未善盡基本責任 保護人民生命財產安全   (full text: https://udn.com/news/story/11321/2974813 聯合報社論/斷層帶上何以建了那麼多高樓  2-8-2018,  https://udn.com/news/story/7338/2977079 勿讓軟腳樓成坑殺人命陷阱 2-9-2018,  https://tw.appledaily.com/headline/daily/20180209/37928659 都更 爛政客  敷衍不作為 以致數百萬戶老屋舍面臨生死關頭 如遇六級地震  2-9-2018); <中國時報>, 10-9-2019, headline : 約5/6橋樑需急修卻未修 政府甚至未公開危橋名單  <中國時報>, 10-4-2019社論: 鐵皮工廠,形同消防員的死亡陷阱,都是「制度殺人」 <中國時報>, 1-7-2018台灣海空污染毒害山海變色 政府不斷 "治標不治本"食物鏈將毒害子孫健康 ... http://www.chinatimes.com/newspapers/20180107000465-260114Daily Mail (UK) 7-14-2017 : Shocking underwater video from Taiwan shows ocean floor littered with plastic (bottles) garbage. Lancet Planetary Health (April 10, '19): "The 4th worst for rate of kids getting Asthma from traffic air pollution"  (交通空污氣喘兒 台灣全球第四高) 中國時報 China Times》, Taiwan,  4-12-2019 : 環保團體批政府無心改善空污.  <聯合報> 8-5-2019: 學者籲空污改採世界標準 德國2019 CCPI (Climate Change Performance Index - GHG emissions, renewable energy, etc) 將台灣排名倒數第三,  名次從2017年起一再倒退. Apple Daily 12-11-2019, 頭條新聞: 國內空污愈來愈嚴重, 前十名公司(China Steel, Taichung Power plant, etc)之 PM2.5 and PM10 危及1185萬人健康

 

 勞動權利  USA Country Reports on Human Rights practices(美國人權報告),  3-11-2020:    台灣罷工權受到嚴重限制,勞動糾紛須先由主管機關作協調,期間不能作出任何行動。同時,教師、公務員及國防等特定行業不能罷工,公有事業、醫院與電信業者須在維持基本服務的前提下才能罷工。  

 

●  剝削 外勞 美國人權報告(USA Country Reports on Human Rights practices) 2019年3月13日  外勞是最容易遭受強迫勞動的族群,漁業(普遍盛行的狀況: 沒有工資或低工資,高工時,身體虐待,缺乏食物或醫療,剝奪睡眠,不人道的生活條件惡劣。)、農業、製造業與建築業都是常見強制勞動的行業。  美國國務院 人權報告 United States Department of State Country Reports on Human Rights Practices (3-3-2017, 4-20-2018) : 剝削外籍漁工與家事勞工官員貪污家庭暴力部分媒體在報導關於中國新聞時有「自我審查」狀況、買票、企業違反工時規定、性別歧視及兒虐案件增加...  

 

●  海賊  Green Peace, 5-2-2019:  台灣漁業濫捕現狀仍然嚴重亟需改革 It remains our view that Taiwanese fisheries still have many serious problems, both environmental and social, and that the need for reform is clear and urgent.    <the interpreter>, 2019: 台灣拒絕接受公約與改革 Taiwan ...illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing... Taiwan has so far refused to adopt the Work in Fishing Convention.  <The Diplomat> (4-14-2016) :  Taiwan's illegal fishing is 'out of control',  歐盟自2015年起以黃牌警告台灣非法濫行捕魚till 6 '19,  Green-Peace 嚴厲抨擊台灣政府明知卻縱容濫行捕魚  US  2019 Trafficking in persons report, Jun. 2019: 在台灣旗下的漁船上工作的中,印,菲和越漁民都沒有工資或工資不足,工作時間長,身體虐待,缺乏食物或醫療,不足睡眠,和複雜的跨國經紀網絡一樣,生活條件惡劣...

 

佛大學教授 Dr. Joseph Nye 曾認為台灣發展軟實力是解決二岸爭端 及擴展國際空間 長久有效的好方法之一 ,Brookings (1-22-2018) 也主張軟實力對台灣 是個低成本、高回報的好政策   然而根據《MONOCLE》2010 ~ 2019 抑或 2017's & 2018's Soft Power 30 Study compiled by PR company Portand Communication and University of Southern California,近年來台灣軟實力表現卻不及鄰國如 Japan, South Korea, Australia, Singapore, New Zealand,  India, UAE ,甚至不如中國

 

 

 

 

 Taiwan's soft power  vs.  Asia's soft power

Till 2020, Taiwan has not been included in Monocle's Soft Power survey ranking list, so Taiwan's soft power is behind Asian's "world top 20" nations , including Japan, South Korea, Australia, Singapore, New Zealand, China, India, UAE.     for details : click Soft Power
 

world best surveys Taiwan's rankings
in top 25~30 list
comparison with
other Asia & Pacific countries
 2019/2020 
Top 30 SOFT POWER by Portland
 failed No. 8 Japan, No.9  Australia, No. 17 New Zealand,  No. 19  S Korea, No. 21 Singapore, No. 27 China
US News: 2020 Best Countries Overall
The Best Countries in the World
n/c No.3 Japan, No.5  Australia, No. 11 New Zealand,
No. 15 China, No. 16 Singapore , No. 20  Korea,
No.22 UAE , No.25  India,  No. 26  Thailand,
No. 30  Qatar
2018/2019 Monocle's Soft Power survey  failed No. 3 Japan, No.8  Australia, No. 11 New Zealand, No.15 Korea, No. 19 China,  No. 21  Singapore,  No. 25 India
2018/2019 Soft Power 30 Study by USC Center on Public Diplomacy  failed No.5 Japan, No. 10 Australia, No. 18 NZ, No. 20 S. Korea, No. 21 Singapore, No. 27 China
2017/2018 Monocle's Soft Power survey  failed No. 4 Japan, No.9 Australia, No. 13 New Zealand, No.17 Korea, No. 19 China,  No. 22 Singapore, No. 24 India
2017/2018 Soft Power 30 Study by USC Center on Public Diplomacy  failed No.6. Japan,  No. 8. Australia,  18. NZ,  No. 20 Singapore, No. 21 S. Korea,  No. 25.  China
2016/2017 Monocle's
Soft Power survey
 failed No. 3 Japan, No.6 Australia, No. 13 New Zealand, No.17 Korea, No. 20 China,  No. 23 Singapore, No. 24 India
2015/2016 Monocle's
 Soft Power survey
 failed No. 4 Japan, No.6 Australia, No. 13 New Zealand, No.15 Korea, No. 21 China,  No. 23 Singapore
 

 

 

  According to a survey of 2020, Singapore ranks No.1, Japan No.7, Korea No. 9 on "enterprise",  Japan ranks No. 5, China No.10 on "engagement", Korea ranks No. 5 on "digital", Japan ranks No.6, China No. 8 on "culture", No any Asian country ranks top 10 on "education" and "govt."
 

Best Countries overall in 2020:  1 Swiss 2 Canada 3 Japan  4 Germany  5  Australia  6  UK  7 USA  8 Sweden  9 Nederland  10  Norway  11 NZ  12 France  13 Denmark  14  Finland  15 China  16 Singapore  17  Italy  18  Austria  19 Spain  20  Korea  21  Luxembourg   22 UAE  23  Russia  24 Portugal  25  India  26  Thailand  27  Greece  28  Brazil  29  Israel  30  Qatar  31  Saudi Arabia   32 Malaysia   33 Mexico  34  Poland  35  Turkey


 

 

 

   

 Taiwan's travel & tourism  - 10th in Asia

 

World Economic Forum (WEF)  <Travel and tourism competitiveness report> released at 9-4-2019 shows Taiwan had the sub-region's largest decline in competitiveness from 30th down to 37th.    Taiwan ranks No.10 among Asian countries.   for details : click tourism
 

WEF travel & tourism category Taiwan's rankings and/or score comparison
prioritization of travel and tourism   No75  Singapore No.6 ,  Hong Kong No. 11
Natural & cultural resources No.58  score 2.6 China  No.1, score 6.0 , France No.2,  5.0,  Spain  No.3, 5.7,   Japan No.7, 5.3,   Indonesia No.18,  Thailand No.21,  Korea No.24,  Vietnam No.26,  Malaysia No.31,  HK No.40,  Philippines No.46,  Sri Lanka No.52,  Nepal No.56
Natural resources  No. 87 Hong Kong No. 42, Singapore No.120
 
cultural resources & business travel No. 36  score 2.6 China No1, score 7.0
price competitiveness No. 78 China 5.7
Health & Hygiene  No.43,  score 6 score worse than Korea, Japan, Mongolia
international openness No. 60 only better than China, Mongolia
Safety & security No. 26 human resource & labor market: Taiwan No.18
 ps: Compared to the report of 2017,  Taiwan significantly tightened visa requirements (37th down to 119th), waning cultural resources and business travel (26th to 36th) and recalibrated figures showing a drastic reduction in protected areas (20th to 118th).

For full details :  http://www3.weforum.org/docs/WEF_TTCR_2019.pdf

 

According to  World Economic Forum (WEF)  <Travel and tourism competitiveness report> (released at 4-6-2017), Taiwan's most important indexes for promoting tourism, like "Attractiveness of Natural Assets" (parks, beaches, mountains, wildlife, etc) ranks world No.87, "Natural Resources" ranks No.55,   "Environmental Sustainability" ranks No.75 (No.69 in 2015), "Price Competitiveness" ranks No. 46, "Hotel Price Index" ranks No. 89 (82 in 2015), Taiwan got "n/a" on China's world top 5 indexes such as "World heritage natural sites" as well as "World heritage cultural sites".
comment Taiwan travel and tourism, No.1 on internet, pls. click for details

   

 

 

Taiwan's university rankings in Asia, 2020

Times High Education ,  World University Rank 2020 

ranks Taiwan China Korea Hong Kong, Macau Japan Singapore
1~100  
23   Tsinghua University Beijing
 

24  Peking University Beijing
 

 

80  University of Science and Technology of China Anhui

 

 64   Seoul National University Seoul
 
 89   Sungkyunkwan University (SKKU) Seoul

 

35  University of Hong Kong

47  The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology
 
57  Chinese University of Hong Kong

 

36  University of Tokyo
 

 

65  Kyoto

University

 

25   National University of Singapore
 

 

48   Nanyang Technological University

 

100~200 120   National Taiwan Univ.

(台灣大學)

107   Zhejiang University Zhejiang
 

109   Fudan University Shanghai
 

144  Nanjing University Jiangsu
 
157   Shanghai Jiao Tong University Shanghai

 

110  Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST) Daejeon
 
146  Pohang University of Science and Technology (POSTECH) Pohang
 
179  Korea University Seoul
 

197  Yonsei University (Seoul campus) Seoul

 

126  City University of Hong Kong
 

 

 

171  Hong Kong Polytechnic University
 

 

   
200~300   251 ~ Sun Yat-sen University Guangdong  201–250   Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology (UNIST) Ulsan
 
 
251-300 Tohoku University
 
251-300 Tokyo Institute of Tech.

 

 
300~400  351–400  National Tsing Hua Univ.

(清華大學)

 

 

351–400  Taipei Medical Univ.


301–350  Beijing Normal University Beijing
 
301–350  Huazhong University of Science and Technology Hubei
 
301–350  Southern University of Science and Technology (SUSTech) Guangdong

351–400  Nankai University Tianjin , Wuhan U.
 

301–350  Kyung Hee University Seoul
 
351–400  Hanyang University Seoul

 

301–350 

 

University of
 Macau

301-350
  Osaka University
 

 

301-350
  Nagoya University


 

351-400 
University of
Occupational
and Environmental Health
 

 

 
 

QS 2020 Asia universities, top 15 rankings :

1. National University of Singapore (NUS) Singapore  2.Nanyang Technological University, Singapore (NTU)  3. The University of Hong Kong 4. Tsinghua University, China  5. Peking University, China  6.  Zhejiang University, China 7. Fudan University, China 8. The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology 9.  KAIST - Korea Advanced Institute of Science & Technology  10. The Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK)  11. Seoul National University, Korea  12. Korea University  13. The University of Tokyo, Japan  13. Universiti Malaya (UM), Malaysia  15. Kyoto University, Japan
 

subtotal number : Singapore ( 2 ), Hong Kong ( 3 ), Japan ( 2 ),  Korea ( 3 ), China ( 4 ), Malaysia ( 1 ), Taiwan ( 0 )

 

 

 In <Nature Index> ,  "2019 Tables: Institutions,  

about 32 universities in China, 8 universities in Korea, 6 Hong Kong universities, 9 univ. in Japan,
2 universities in India, 2 in Singapore, one in Saudi Arabia
ranked higher than all Taiwan's

Taiwan universities 

 

 

 

 



 

 The Star Online, 2-20-2020: US travel advisory warns of Taiwan "apparent community spread" ...
台灣旅遊之建議警告 : 台灣明顯社區感染新冠
武漢肺炎
(台否認美之認定 
 /
聯合報 3-1-2020 社論: 台灣為爭面子 )

" community spread": people infected with the CoronaVirus ... are not sure how and where they became infected

UDN 4-23-2020 editorial:   南韓透過大規模普篩揪出感染,採檢為台灣的十倍以上。...台灣除了用圍堵與隔離傳統方式擋疫,靠的完全是口罩。
就防疫技術等級看,口罩是最低階的,要真正「超前部署」抑制疫情,仍須厚植檢測及醫療能力 ... brief

 

           Taiwan    in full aspects             this site's world No. 1 in   2020,  2017~19,  2016 2015, 2014, 2013 2010~12       Top rankings since 1998              
  home  評台灣  台灣  TW  FB  民族性  旅遊  餐廳  醫療  食安  夜市  buffet  檢察官  警察  貪污  女權  言論自由  外勞  移工  死刑  軟實力  隱私  按摩    居住  飛安  幸福  形象  文化  人權   世界人權   司法  司法迫害   迫害

 

   

 

pic. : This websites group was ranked No.1 by keyword "introduction to Taiwan"
(
本網站群"台灣介紹"排名 China's Baidu  第1)  on Baidu of China at 8-3-2019

 

 

 

pic: 本網站群 "台灣簡介" 排名 歐洲德國 MetaGER 第1,
 英文版

 8-5-2019, 1-22-2019, 6-18-2018; No.2 at 3-8-2019

 

 

 

pic: 本網站群 "台灣簡介" 排名 Yippy 第1,
 英文版 , 3-8-2019

 

 

 

 

pic : 本網站群  "台灣簡介" (or"台灣介紹" ) 英文 排名Bing第1,

 

 8-5-2019, 6-27-2019, No.2, 3-8-2019

 

 

 

pic: 本網站群 "台灣介紹" 英文版 排名Yahoo earch engine 第1,
 
,  8-5-2019, 4-28-2019

 

 

 

 

 

                             

 

pic : 本網站群  "台灣簡介"  排名 AOL, MetaGER.de 第2,  3-8-2019
 

 

 

 

  pic.: 本網站"台灣簡介" 英文版  排名 No.1 on Hotbot, 3-8-2019
 

 

 

            

       

pic : 本網站群  "台灣介 紹"  排名Yahoo, MetaGER.de 第3,  3-8-2019
 

 

 

 

pic.: 本網站群排名 No.1 by "introduction to Taiwan" (台灣簡介)
on US Yahoo, at 4-11-2018, 1-28-2018

 

 

 

 

 

              


 

 

 

 

 

 

Economist (special edition 2017): "台灣將成猛虎"(Taiwan will turn into a tiger again)
 
Global Wealth Report & Global Wealth Databook
 by Credit-suisse Research Institute, Nov. 2016: "
台灣  亞洲之虎(Taiwan, Asia Tiger)"
 

 紐約時報NY Times 5-22-2017: "台灣總統一直假設美國一定 會出兵解救台湾,
並掏空軍隊, 軍方士氣低落且陷入醜聞中
(
Taiwan leader continued to base defense planning
on the assumption that the United States would always come to the rescue...
Taiwan has reduced its active force
(by half))"
NY Times 12-13-2016: "台灣總統 蔡英文在就職演講裡,提到了《中華民國憲法》
和两岸條例法规,二者均暗示(imply) 她已接受了“一個中國”的框架。

 In Taiwan president Tsai's inaugural speech,
Tsai referred to the Constitution of the Republic of China and the legislation
 governing cross-strait relations, both of which imply the acceptance
of a “one China” framework.  "

 

  pic. left: ROC (Taiwan) 台灣國旗;      
pic. right: 中華台北旗幟, 用於大多數國際場合 e.g., 奧運


 

 
 

 pic.: Taiwan (地圖中白色部分為台灣,
中華民國另包括若干小島)

人口:23.54 million
 領土:36,194 square kilometers
  種族:漢 (97-98%), 原民Aborigines (2%)
 語言文字 : 中文, 台語

 

 

New York Times 4-1-2019: Taiwan protests China jets crossing center of Taiwan Strait, a provocation that seeks to alter the status quo ...  an intentional act.    Taiwan News, 6-28-2019: U.S. Senate passes pro-Taiwan defense bill calling for more patrols in Taiwan Strait.   Reuters 6-27-2019:

Canadian navy ships sailed through Taian strait amid tension with China (Such passages upset China ... In April, Beijing condemned a French decision to send a frigate through the Strait as illegal)

Japan Times, 4-1-2019:  the U.S. sent ships through the strait  ( mission was unusual)  ..

 

<聯合報> UDN 7-28-2017, 11-20-2017, Global times, 12-12-2017, CTV 12-17-2017:
中共解放軍機不斷"常態威懾"繞台飛行
("patrol circling")
並突破第一島鏈(1st Island Chain)..
.中共戰機只需
 14 分鐘便可由大陸飛到台灣

https://udn.com/news/story/10930/2610183

 Apple Daily  1-18-2018: China's submarine "patrol circling"   at 1-11-2018

 

  UDN  11-20-2017:  民調首度逆轉 -
49%台灣
民眾對大陸民眾印象好

   40%對大陸政府印象好

 

 

  

站群遭攻擊網頁

dirty attacks !   破壞言論自由  近 20年最糟
 
 恐怖攻擊者是 ...  prime suspects are ... ?   11-22-'18

台灣司法  (e.g., page1, page2, page3, etc). 新型態攻擊 11-20-2018: 增修評論司法網頁時 , 鍵盤每敲一字須許久才顯示螢幕, 如此更新一網頁耗時數十倍時間 or more,   attacks last ...   (過去頂多是國家圖書館, 區公所等無法開啟評論司法之網頁)
政治迫害  ( Eng,  Chn. )  8-10-2018, 8-11-2018 (about 4:20pm) 再度遭到攻擊, 誰害怕本網頁的言論自由? 誰就是嫌犯 !  ps: 本網頁建立後, 駭客攻擊頻率增加, 近二周就二次 (9-28-2018)
backup sites: http://intlhumanrights.com/TW_judiciary.htm   http://intlhumanrights.com/TW_prosecutors.htm   http://intlhumanrights.com/TW_prosecutor.htm , if needed, 11-22-2018

Taiwan

    台灣觀光   Taiwan travel & tour

根據 World Economic Forum (WEF)  <國際觀光旅遊競爭力 報告> (<Travel and tourism competitiveness report>, released at 9-4-2019) 台灣的觀光旅遊競爭力是該區中跌幅最大的 總排名從2017年的30 狂跌到第 37名.   其他亞洲國家的名次為 Japan got No.4,  China No.13,  Hong Kong No.14,  Korea No.16, Singapore No.17,  Malaysia No.29,  Thailand No.31,  UAE  No.33,  India No. 34,...  至於主要的評鑑項目與分數如下表:
 

WEF <Travel and tourism competitiveness report>, 9-4-2019
category 台灣的名次與分數 comparison
prioritization of travel and tourism   No75  Singapore No.6 ,  Hong Kong No. 11
Natural & cultural resources No.58  score 2.6 China  No.1, score 6.0 , France No.2,  5.0,  Spain  No.3, 5.7,   Japan No.7, 5.3,   Indonesia No.18,  Thailand No.21,  Korea No.24,  Vietnam No.26,  Malaysia No.31,  HK No.40,  Philippines No.46,  Sri Lanka No.52,  Nepal No.56
Natural resources  No. 87 Hong Kong No. 42, Singapore No.120
 
cultural resources & business travel No. 36  score 2.6 China No1, score 7.0
price competitiveness No. 78 China 5.7
Health & Hygiene  No.43,  score 6 score worse than Korea, Japan, Mongolia
international openness No. 60 only better than China, Mongolia
Safety & security No. 26 human resource & labor market: Taiwan No.18
 ps: Compared to the report of 2017,  Taiwan significantly tightened visa requirements (37th down to 119th), waning cultural resources and business travel (26th to 36th) and recalibrated figures showing a drastic reduction in protected areas (20th to 118th).

For full details :  http://www3.weforum.org/docs/WEF_TTCR_2019.pdf

 

 

紐約時報 (New York Times), 7-31-2019, CNN 8-1-2019: 中國著眼於選舉  製造二岸緊張情勢  暫停自由行來台旅遊   Independent UK  8-1-2019:  It is a blow for Taiwan’s tourism industry.  美國洛杉磯時報, 8-1-2019:  無限期停簽可能會對台灣經濟,文化交流造成造成重大衝擊  (The indefinite suspension is likely to prove a major economic hit to Taiwan, as well as a blow to cultural interplay)自由時報 8-1-2019: 台灣下半年觀光產值恐損失200億.   聯合報 7-15-2019 社論: 美國經濟學家Tyler Cowen驚訝, 台北是亞洲城市中這30年變化最小的, 85%沒變, 還是小巷建築滿街摩托車, 而廣州有90%的不同,香港首爾新加坡 10年的變化就很大; New York Times, 7-31-2019, CNN 8-1-2019: China, an Eye on Elections, rising cross-strait tensions,  bans solo tourists from heading to Taiwan.    L.A. Times, 8-1-2019: The indefinite suspension is likely to prove a major economic hit to Taiwan, as well as a blow to cultural interplay.   Independent UK  8-1-2019:  It is a blow for Taiwan’s tourism industry.  Liberty Times 8-1-2019: Taiwan may loss 20,000 million dollars from the gross annual value of tourism in the second half of 2019.  

 

英國BBC ( 7-31-2019): 台灣政府資料指出,中國旅客仍是赴台旅客第一大來源,其次是日本及港澳人士。為什麼呢?   美國洛杉磯時報 (L.A. Times, 8-1-2019) 分析 (1) 滿足了自幼產生的好奇心,  了解台灣的重要渠道 (2) 飛行時間短母語中文 (3) 兩岸強大的文化和深厚的歷史聯繫,許多人在台灣小說,戲劇,綜藝節目和歌曲中成長過  (4) 宗教,建築和文化的相似之處,這是幾百年前從中國遷移到台灣的結果 (5) 台灣的報紙,新聞網站和電視信息  (6) 兜售生意 。

至於台灣的觀光體質或對全球的吸引力呢?  截至2019年 ,台灣觀光旅遊業仍走古老路線:  殺價惡性競爭、甚至淪為坑客天堂, 台灣政府的補助款短線操作治標不治本,未用於改善旅遊環境、升級觀光體質, 比方,穆斯林使用之友善設施條件非常不夠......蘋果日報2018 年2月12日社論 (brief): 缺少古蹟元素、 新文創不成熟、景點住宿昂貴,沒有回頭客,觀光產業一陣風難持久

 

 

 

外國觀光旅客來台日均消費 source from TW gov., Apple Daily, Aug., 2019

BBC, UK, 7-31-2019: the number of Chinese tourists (in time) in 2015 is about 4.18 million, dropped to 2.7 million on 2018 (https://www.bbc.com/zhongwen/trad/chinese-news-49178224 7-31-2019)
Telegraph, UK, 7-31-2019: China remains the top source of tourists, with close to 2.5 million visiting last year

 

 

本網站群 "評論台灣旅遊" "評論台灣觀光"  排名網路第1

 

 

pic. : 本網站群 "評論台灣旅遊" 排名Google第1, 3-7-2019, 9-4-2018, 6-22-2018  ;
"評論台灣觀光" 排名Bing第1, 3-7-2019, 9-4-2018

 

 


中國觀光旅客來台人數統計(百萬單位) ,  2008年起兩岸直航   2016年起民進黨執政(綠色)
source:  Asia Nikkei 4-30-2019, 台灣政府資料

 

 
data 2018/2019
area population人口 number of tourists (person in time)
旅遊人次
times倍數
Hong Kong 7.3 million 65.1 million 1:9
Macau 0.65 million 35.9 million 1 : 55
Singapore 5.6 million 18.5 million 1 : 2.3
Taiwan 23 million 11.25 million 1 : 0.5

 

 

 

 

 

根據 2017年4月6日的 World Economic Forum (WEF)  <Travel and tourism competitiveness report> (<國際觀光旅遊競爭力 報告>)評鑑 , 台灣的重要項目如"自然景點吸引力Attractiveness of Natural Assets" (包括Parks公園, beaches, mountains山水, wildlife)排名全球 No.87, "Natural Resources"排名全球 No.55,   "Environmental Sustainability" 排名No.75(2015 年第69), "Price Competitiveness"排名 No. 46, "Hotel Price Index" (旅館價格) 排名 No. 89 (上次第82), 中國大陸的排名前五強項指標如"World heritage natural sites"與 "World heritage cultural sites"台灣都n/a, 柯文哲市長批評的香港與新加坡, 先天景點同樣不佳, 但其"Business Environment"與 "道路港口設施" 排名全球前2(台灣第27與16), "機場設施"第5與6(台灣第42), "Safety & security"第5與6。 台灣雖有高分指標如"Mobile Network coverage", "ATM"等等, 但並非"好看"、"好玩", 足以吸引觀光客源的強項。台灣看WEF應重視"觀光"項目分數, 而非總分、總排名, 因為根據台灣政府 "visitor arrivals by purpose"最新統計,  僅 7.61% 外國人來台是商業目的( business, conference, exhibition), 絕大多數還是觀光娛樂(pleasure)目的。 台灣總排名落後亞太國家 ― 日本(No.4)澳洲(7)香港(11)新加坡(13)中國(15)紐西蘭(16)韓(19)馬來西亞(26)。

蘋果日報2018 年2月12日社論 (brief): 缺少古蹟元素、 新文創不成熟、景點住宿昂貴,沒有回頭客,觀光產業一陣風難持久...蘋果日報2018 年1月15日頭版頭條新聞: 台灣觀光雪崩, 墾丁貓鼻頭旅客狂跌59%, 太魯閣跌43%, 主因是陸客不來, 台灣人也不愛 ... 蘋果日報2018 年1月17日社評: 飯店住宿太貴、民宿品質不穩、壅塞、不肖商家敲竹槓...

 

 

英國媒體 BBC, The SUN (2-13-2017): "Bus Crash Horror !" -  批評台灣旅遊交通安全有待改善 "safety standards need to be improved"      聯合報頭版 2-15-2017: "每次都檢討 每次都重演"。 國際媒體也批評台灣飛安紀錄不佳 ( Taiwan's aviation safety - MSN, Reuters, EuroNews, Mirro(UK), NewsWeek, CNN, etc (2-4-2015) :"Taiwan has had a poor aviation safety record in recent years"  )   Apple Daily, Opinion (2-15-2017): Such a high casualty rate most likely was ranked No.1 among all civilized states in the world.  

《人民日報》8-4-2016 社論 "安全沒保障 陸客不敢來"指出 遭遇不幸的大陸遊客以生命的代價把台灣觀光旅遊業缺弊一一揭開: 很多意外事故都存在著人禍 的影子,或是法規漏洞、管理疏失、或是體制不足。旅遊承載能力、道路安全、飛行安全、道路養護 、遊覽車安全標準、改裝車、低價團…一起起事故猶如打開了潘朵拉的盒子...  

  台灣火車 死亡事件
     
ref. to  <紐約時報>報導
https://www.nytimes.com/2018/10/21/world/asia/taiwan-train-crash.html

            2018 : 普悠瑪於台灣最彎軌道出事 Taiwan Train Accident Kills at Least 18 and Injures about 187 Others ( ps: 中視新聞 19:45pm, 10-22-2018, 檢察官:可能是超速肇事; 其他疑點包括Automatic Train Protection被關閉, 軌道異常, etc.  ps2: CTV 20:30pm, 10-22-2018 : 速度140 km, 應該 80km or 65km)
            2011:
 at least six people were killed and more than 50 others injured after a tree collapsed into the path of a tourist train also serving Ali Mountain. (阿里山車禍6死50傷)
            2003:
 last crash of a similar scale taking place in 2003, when a train serving the mountain tourist destination of Ali Mountain derailed, killing 17 people and injuring 156 others. (阿里山車禍17死156傷)

            1981:  a collision in Miaoli County, in the island’s northwest, killed 31 people (苗栗車禍31死)

Business Insider (6-2015) 介紹台灣景點:

    ◎  Hehuan Mountain and Ali Mountain are two top-rated scenic spots on TripAdvisor. (阿里山等)    ◎  Sun Moon Lake(日月潭) 

    ◎ Kenting National Park(墾丁).   9 nationall. parks, which make up 8.6% of its land.  Taroko National Gorge (太魯閣) alone is worth spending at least two days hiking its numerous scenic trails.

    ◎ hot springs Beitou outside of Taipei, and Jiaoxi in Yilan (北投宜蘭等溫泉)

ps:  [ Climate ]   tropical and subtropical climate zones,  Average temperature for northern Taiwan : 21.7°C;  southern Taiwan:  24.1°C.   Jan. ~ Mar : may downto 10°C.   June ~ August, may up to 38°C

tour & travel

 

 Taiwan

     台灣美食  Taiwan food

中國時報 The China Times. 8-6-2016,  專訪 蔡英文Tsai I. W.   食安問題不斷,台灣最大挑戰 之一   ● 食安預算少的可憐  一人僅一元  / 中國時報 7-9-2017

長庚醫院毒物科主任, Univ. of London博士殷宗海M.D.: 「儘量減少外食 ! ( ref. to 著作<食品不安全的年代如何自保> , April 2016 ( page 72 )

中國時報 7-19-2017 :

蘋果日報 11-20-2017 :世界各國的食安法規都是愈訂愈嚴格唯獨台灣打算使用愈訂愈鬆的法這樣台灣美食王國的美譽如何重現? (brief) /  by 邱致穎, 東海大學食品科學系教師 農推中心主任  ( TungHai University ). 

  CNN 2016年"亞洲最佳餐廳"評鑑前50名餐廳中台灣僅二間餐廳入選(台中市的leMout(No.30)與台北Raw(No.46)),排亞洲第9次於新加坡(10間入選)香港(9)日本(8)泰國(4, 但Gaggan獲最佳餐廳)中國大陸(3)韓國印度斯里蘭卡   The World's Best Restaurants (2016) , 台灣無餐廳入選

●  聯合報(3-1-2017): 許多夜市都吹起熄燈號因為陸客減少衝擊、許多夜市缺乏特色

      中國時報 (5-26-2015) 媒體評論<掉漆的文創>一文論及:「值得我們注意的是 香港網友選出台灣是最令人失望的景點原因竟是只有夜市可逛」
     
中國時報(8-8-2015): "台灣未能建立優質特色的國際形象  徒淪小吃等廉價商品印象"。

●   紐約時報 New York Times, 2-24-2017:  台北街頭小吃能量旺 便宜的大排檔與快炒店數以千計 Taipei ... has a street food scene as vibrant as that of Bangkok; restaurants that specialize in both Taiwanese and regional cuisines from around China; thousands of cheap and cheerful joints at which to drink cold beer with small plates and quick stir-fries; ....  ref to https://www.nytimes.com/2017/02/15/travel/taipei-taiwan-restaurants-local.html

restaurants ,   night markets

 

Taiwan

     台灣經濟   Taiwan Economy

華盛頓郵報 Washington Post, 1-2-2017 : 台灣人並不願意不計代價追求獨立 多數仍會主要想到經濟問題 台灣人會選擇"麵包"而非"愛情"  the Taiwanese are not willing to pursue independence at all costs. Many are concerned with the economy. When asked to choose between formal independence or maintaining economic ties with China, 83 percent chose bread over romance...   https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/monkey-cage/wp/2017/01/02/yes-taiwan-wants-one-china-but-which-china-does-it-want/?utm_term=.8d999292eabd

 台灣選舉  民進黨大敗 Taiwan votes in elections, Nov. 2018
        ●
New York Times, 11-23-2018:  Economic growth, employment and pension reforms were among key issues in the elections...China said the results (Taiwan elections) reflected a desire of Taiwanese for better relations with the mainland... 中國表示選舉結果反映人民想改善兩岸關係之欲望.   

      Quartz , 11-25-2018 :  
      Taiwan’s elections have given Beijing much to celebrate  (https://qz.com/1473960/taiwans-elections-have-given-beijing-much-to-celebrate/)

    Le Monde (France), 11-24-2018 :  A Taïwan, des élections sous influence chinoise 

    Wall Street Journal , 11 25 2018:

       台灣人民在中國威嚇下表現出務實之選舉結果 A great virtue of Taiwan’s voters is that they’re pragmatic, a useful trait for an island under threat of a Chinese invasion. That pragmatism was on display in local elections Saturday that rebuked President Tsai Ing-wen while refusing to ban nuclear power.

     ●  Reuters UK , 11-26-2018: Beijing told Reuters simply: “They’re really happy.”  中國對台灣選舉結果真是高興
      SET news, Taiwan, 11-26-2018: 英國路透社一針見血,認為中國是這次選舉的最大贏家,而華盛頓郵報和法國世界報也都認為,中國是左右這次選舉的最大關鍵。

       ●  台灣聯合報 Taiwan, 11-28-2018: 中美對峙下華府不容兩岸和平破壞美國在台之戰略控制

 

Washington Post, 1-5-2018 :  China is Taiwan’s largest trading partner and China is Taiwan’s main destination for outbound investment; 40 percent of Taiwan’s exports flow to China and a fifth of Taiwan’s gross domestic product derives from its economic ties to the mainland.

Credit Suisse, Oct. 18,  2018

country Wealth per adult(USD) GDP per adult Total wealth (bn)    Share of world wealth quality
United States 403,974 81,425 98,154 31.0% Good
Singapore 283,118  75,242  1,289 0.4 % Satisfactory
France 280,580 55,668 13,883  4.4% Good
United Kingdom 279,048 54,621 14,209 4.5% Good
Japan  227,235 47,980  23,884  7.5% Good
Germany 214,893 57,955  14,499 4.6% Good
Taiwan  212,375 31,146  4,065  1.3 % Satisfactory
China 47,810  12,147 51,874 16.4% Good
Global Wealth Rpt.,  
http://publications.credit-suisse.com/tasks/render/file/index.cfm?fileid=77A4E912-A32D-8E84-CC8C21144CEE52E2
Global Weaalth Databook,  
http://publications.credit-suisse.com/tasks/render/file/index.cfm?fileid=777FDF0E-E060-F608-52DAF97E062CC35B

 

  紐約時報 New York times, 12-13-2016 : 如今,台灣3分之2以上的海外直接投资流向大陸 台灣最大的贸易伙伴。...台灣人的共識是,與大陸某种程度的经濟依存無法避免,但過度仰赖则有風险。是以極端的 经濟政策失去了人民的支持。...北京的策略是,對台湾讓利益,讓台湾人更頃向于统一,但尚未成功。另方面,北京加大施壓力度,  中止台灣的官方沟通、减少陸客來台旅遊  和圍堵台灣的國際空間——。Today, more than two-thirds of Taiwan’s outward foreign direct investment is to China, which is also Taiwan’s leading trading partner.  Taiwanese has emerged a consensus  that some degree of economic interdependence with China is unavoidable but that overdependence is risky.

Beijing’s strategy of giving Taiwanese economic benefits so that Taiwanese will become more inclined toward unification has not been successful ...

https://www.nytimes.com/2016/12/13/world/asia

英國BBC, UK,  6-14-2017: Taiwan has become one of Asia's big traders. It is considered to have achieved an economic miracle, becoming one of the world's top producers of computer technology. 台灣創造了經濟奇蹟 ,成為世界重要電子產品生產廠與亞洲主要貿易國家 Taiwan country profile  http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-16164639

Wikipedia,  Economy of Taiwan

    台灣高科技產品在全球經濟扮演中要角色但其關鍵技術與主 要組件須仰賴日本與美國的 提供與進口臺灣的電子工業多為ODM Taiwan is the 22nd-largest economy in the world, and its high-tech industry plays a key role in the global economy. (Taiwan has a developed capitalist economy that ranks as the 22th-largest in the world by purchasing power parity (PPP) ) It is ranked highly in terms of ... economic freedom, and human development...These SMEs usually produce products on an original equipment manufacturer (OEM) or original design manufacturer (ODM) basis, resulting in less resources spent on research and development.   Due to the emphasis of the OEM/ODM model, companies are usually unable to make in-depth assessments for investment, production, and marketing of new products, instead relying upon importation of key components and advanced technology from the United States and Japan.  / https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Taiwan

Baidu China : 国际贸易是台湾的经济命脉,中国大陆是台湾最大贸易伙伴、进出口贸易第一地区,其次为美国和日本。不同于邻近的韩国和日本,台湾经济以中小型企业而非大型企业集团为主。 台湾电子信息产业在全球产业链中地位举足轻重,全球大多数电脑电子零组件都在台湾生产。......目前当局积极推动产业转型升级,重点发展观光旅游、医疗照护、生物科技、绿色能源、文化创意、精致农业六大新兴产业和十大服务业。 2002年瑞士洛桑國際管理學院《世界競爭力年報》指出臺灣人平均一年工作時數是2,282小時,臺灣工時世界排名第一。2012年CNN援引勞委會和OECD的數據指出,臺灣人每年平均工作2,200小時,比日本、美國多出20%,和德國相比更高出35%。 PS: Apple Daily 10-1-2017: 台灣勞動部統計,2016年勞工時2034小時,全球第6, 次於新、墨、南韓、哥、希臘,但台灣勞工隱藏的加班時數過多,難以由統計看出過勞改善

瑞士信貸 Credit Suisse, Nov. 15,  2017 :

Global Wealth report 2017,  Country summary

Country

Mean wealth per Adult (USD)

Median wealth per Adult (USD)

Taiwan 188,081 87,257
Japan 225,057  123,724
Singapore 268,776 108,850
France 263,399 119,720
UK 278,038 102,641

Compared to the world as a whole, Taiwan has high average
wealth and only moderate wealth inequality.
http://publications.credit-suisse.com/tasks/render/file/index.cfm?fileid=A6E9E182-E39B-0353-6751EB076EF35159

    Credit Suisse, Dec. 2016 :  台灣  亞洲之虎 台灣人的平均財富USD 172,847,超過多數為亞洲國家
    Taiwan, Asia Tiger  -  Taiwan's average level of wealth, at USD 172,
847, is well above that of most countries in the Asia-Pacific region, and similar to that of Western Europe. ( Taiwan's mean wealth per adult, at USD 172,847, is about same as that of France USD244,400 or Germany USD185,175, Taiwan's median wealth per adult USD 63,134, is about in the same level with France USD 99,923, Canada 96,664.)

  聯合報 社論 United Daily, Opinion, 12-5-2017 :  台北薪資輸給北京  -  第三季月薪 台北 NT 43500 北京  rmb 9900, equal NT46000 Shanghai 3rd about NT 43000.  / 智聯招聘survey.

   

 聯合報 頭版頭條 10-6-2017; 中央研究院《臺灣經濟競爭與成長策略政策建議書》Academia Sinica of Taiwan,  10-5-2017 :  Taiwan Economic Competition and Growth Strategy Policy Proposal 

       3隻經濟黑手 台灣再陷失落的10年 /  台灣經濟發展遭遇瓶頸,中央研究院院士擔憂情況持續惡化,台灣3隻經濟黑手分別是:1.法律 2.環評 3.對大陸過度保守。
     根據中研院報告,台灣將落入「中所得陷阱」,政府若不快解決,未來10年至少會被15-30個國家超越,包括大陸、印度及歐洲國家。
 

      In the past ten years, its average economic growth rate has dropped to 3.82%, which is lower than other Asian countries such as South Korea and Singapore.

https://financialtribune.com/articles/world-economy/73782/rigid-systems-holding-back-taiwan-development

https://www.sinica.edu.tw/ch/news/4880

Le Monde of France, Mai '16, reported the economies of both sides were complementary, now compete each other.   Taiwanese are gradually being excluded from the Chinese chain of production and supply. (Mais les économies des deux rives, qui étaient complémentaires, entrent désormais en concurrence. Les entreprises taïwanaises sont progressivement exclues de la mise en place d’une chaîne de production et d’approvisionnement chinoise ... )

●  華盛頓郵報 Washington Post, 10-10-2017

      台灣採行"新南向"政策應付經濟問題 Taiwan would step up economic relations with the 10 Southeast Asian countries and another eight Asian-Pacific nations that her government considers prime economic development partners. Taiwan calls that mission its “New Southbound Policy.”  
https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/asia_pacific/taiwan-leader-protect-regional-stability-amid-china-tension/2017/10/10/38c37640-ad70-11e7-9b93-b97043e57a22_story.html?utm_term=.68374f587f7f

ps: 蘋果日報10-17-2017: 新南向破功 大馬對台投資少23億  印尼投資也減

 

Forbes 《富比士》 4-23-2017, 「低薪促使台灣高科技產業難以追上他人腳步」"Taiwan's Once Mighty High-Tech Sector Is Falling Behind Because Of Low Pay" :

      台灣曾是全球高科技供應鏈不可或許的一環。如今,台灣已有五分之一的經濟源於個人電腦、平板、智慧型手機等產品的出口,但也不確定這樣的情況能持續多久。
      最常被人點出的原因即為,台灣在行動應用程式、人工智慧(AI)等軟體領域跟不上其他國家 。
      軟體實力跟不上其他國家,部分原因即為薪資不夠高、難以吸引人才

    Taiwan used to be an indispensable part of the world high-tech supply chain. Now the island that derives a fifth of its economy from the likes of PCs, tablets and smart phones for export is unsure how long all that can sustain. The most often cited reason: Taiwan isn’t keeping up in software, which in today’s terms means mobile apps and artificial intelligence as well as the stuff Microsoft does for PCs....Pay for university professors is too low to attract world-class people from overseas to teach...  https://www.forbes.com/sites/ralphjennings/2017/04/23/taiwans-once-mighty-high-tech-sector-is-falling-behind-because-of-low-pay/#204190537b43/Asia /#BigBusiness

The China Times, opinion, 11-7-2017, The United Daily, opinion, 11-10-2017:  台灣產業 5缺 : 水土地工人人才

國家政策基金會 National Policy Foundation , 7-16-2009  台灣科技產業的問題與對策
     缺乏關鍵技術 : 
    台灣科技產業的另一個問題,便是缺乏關鍵技術。重要的關鍵技術幾乎均由外國大廠所把持,台廠對於技術研發所挹注的資源偏低,淪為低毛利的代工的角色。  ...  http://www.npf.org.tw/2/6142

人民日報 海外版, 11-12-2017 "大陸崛起 台灣何必緊張" : 2016年中国的GDP約為台灣的23倍,廣東、 江蘇、山東、浙江、河南5 省皆已超過台灣台灣憂心三五年內台灣可能落到大陸十省之後。(brief , UDN, 11-13-2017) ; (more to see The China Times, opinion, 12-18-2017 "當我們看不起的大陸超越我們").

 

Taiwan

   台灣外交    Taiwan diplomatic isolation

  台海風 New York Times 4-1-2019: Taiwan protests China jets crossing center of Taiwan Strait, a provocation that seeks to alter the status quo ...  an intentional act.    Taiwan News, 6-28-2019: U.S. Senate passes pro-Taiwan defense bill calling for more patrols in Taiwan Strait.   Reuters 6-27-2019:Canadian navy ships sailed through Taian strait amid tension with China (Such passages upset China ... In April, Beijing condemned a French decision to send a frigate through the Strait as illegal Japan Times, 4-1-2019:  the U.S. sent ships through the strait  ( mission was unusual)  ..

 

 ● <台灣旅行法Taiwan Travel Act> (Trump signed at 3-16-2018):

          NHK  Japan, 3-17-2018 

             The legislation aims to encourage mutual visits between US and Taiwanese officials at all levels. (https://www3.nhk.or.jp/nhkworld/en/news/20180317_08/)

       ◆ The Diplomat,  3-3-2018 
              US Paves Way for High-Level Exchanges With Taiwan (https://thediplomat.com/2018/03/us-paves-way-for-high-level-exchanges-with-taiwan/)

         New York Times,  3-17-2018

             China’s Foreign Ministry said it had lodged “stern representations” with the United States, saying the law sent a “seriously wrong signal” to the forces of Taiwan independence.
              (https://www.nytimes.com/reuters/2018/03/17/world/asia/17reuters-usa-taiwan-china.html   ; https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-taiwan-china/china-says-resolutely-opposed-to-new-u-s-law-on-ties-with-taiwan-idUSKCN1GT0I9)

       ◆ Deutsche Welle,  3-17-2018 :

             China has reacted angrily ... "severely violate the one-China principle, the political foundation of the China-US relationship."

             Taiwan ... calling it a "friendly move"

       ◆ Global Times of China, 2018:  <Taiwan Travel Act> is a bill to destroy Taiwan.  ◆ People's Daily online (China 人民日報 海外版) 3-17-2018: "戲耍台灣 挑釁大陸"  ◆ UDN Taiwan (台灣聯合報) 3-18-2018: 立委: 川普將台灣當棋子 挑釁大陸;  學者:台恐成夾心餅干;  Joseph Bosco (美國防前官員): 與美國全面對抗, 中方不會贏 台灣聯合報 3-19-2018: 台旅法用字為道德勸服的"should", 並非具法律約束力 賦予法律義務的 "shall" / 胡念祖, 中山大學所長 

 

  BBC UK  1-2-2019      What's behind the China-Taiwan divide?   https://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-34729538

美國是台灣唯一盟友  大多他國樂見目前之模糊狀態 The US is by far Taiwan's most important friend, and its only ally.
Given the huge divide between these two positions, most other countries seem happy to accept the current ambiguity, whereby Taiwan has most of the characteristics of an independent state, even if its legal status remains unclear.

部分台灣人擔憂經濟依賴中國  其他人認為投資中國使共軍犯台機率減低

... links between the two peoples (ps: Chinese, Taiwanese) and economies have grown sharply. Taiwanese companies have invested about $60bn (£40bn) in China, and up to one million Taiwanese now live there, many running Taiwanese factories.
Some Taiwanese worry their economy is now dependent on China. Others point out that closer business ties makes Chinese military action less likely, because of the cost to China's own economy...

 

 

 ●  英國BBC - Taiwan country profile  6-14-2017:
     因中國打壓 
台邦交國所剩不多 China insists that nations cannot have official relations with both China and Taiwan, with the result that Taiwan has formal diplomatic ties with only a few countries.  /  http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-16164639

 ● 華盛頓郵報 Washington Post, 1-2-2017:

     美國的策略模糊: "認知"台灣屬於中國 , 但不"承認"台灣屬於中國  The United States “acknowledges” that there is one China and that Taiwan is part of China. But the United States has never officially “recognized” Taiwan as part of China. This strategic ambiguity leaves the United States room for a de facto relationship with Taiwan and leaves the Taiwan-China relation an open-ended question.  /  https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/monkey-cage/wp/2017/01/02/yes-taiwan-wants-one-china-but-which-china-does-it-want/?utm_term=.8d999292eabd

 ●  Yomiuri Shimbun, Japan, 読売新聞「社説」Opinion, 6-22-2017 :  中国が台湾を孤立させる動きを強め、波風を立てている。軍事、経済両面での優位を背景にした圧力は、中台間の緊張を高めるだけだ。...中国の一連の外交攻勢は、台湾を自国の一部とする「一つの中国」原則を、台湾の蔡英文政権に認めさせる狙いだろう。...台湾の住民の間では、中国に政治的、経済的にのみ込まれることへの警戒感が強く、「中国離れ」が加速しているためだ。...米国は台湾の防衛力強化を担っており、台湾海峡の平和と安定のカギを握る。(The US is the key to keep the peace and stability across the Taiwan Strait)

 ● 法國 Le Monde diplomatique, France, mai 2016:  "politiL’Amérique centrale lâche Taipei" /  Les deux rivaux du détroit de Formose ne luttent pas à armes égales et, pour Taipei, l’isolement diplomatique menace.  (The two rivals of the Taiwan Straits do not fight on equal terms , the diplomatic isolation threatens Taiwan  海峽兩岸不對稱平等的戰鬥,威脅隔絕了台彎的外交。  )

  ●  Singapore's The Straits Times,  11-9-2017 : Taiwan is the most important issue in Sino-US ties, Xi tells Trump   

“The Taiwan issue is the most important, most sensitive core issue in China-US relations, and concerns the political basis of the China-US relationship,” ... China “hopes that the US side continues to scrupulously abide by the ‘one China’ principle, and prevents disturbances to the broader picture of China-US ties”, Xi added.   Trump told Xi that the United States government upheld and stuck to the “one China” policy, China’s official Xinhua news agency reported.

    http://www.straitstimes.com/asia/east-asia/xi-tells-trump-that-taiwan-is-the-most-important-issue-in-sino-us-ties   )

 ●   紐約時報New York times,  12-13-2016:  蔡英文 的許多支持者不滿她做出的一些妥 協。在台灣總統的就职演讲裡,蔡英文提到了《中 華民國憲法》和两岸 條例法规。二者均暗示 她已接受了“一 個中國”的框架In Presidential inaugural speech, Tsai referred to the Constitution of the Republic of China and the legislation governing cross-strait relations, both imply the acceptance of a “one China” framework.

 ● Yomiuri Shimbun, Japan, Opinion, 5-22-2016 (読売新聞) : 「台湾独立」志向の強い民進党の蔡英文主席が総統に就任した。台湾蔡新総統対中「現状維持」の意思示した http://editorial.x-winz.net/ed-13620 (Tsia I. W. with strong tendency toward "Taiwan Independence" expressed "maintain status quo" in her Presidential inaugural speech )

 

 ● 法國 Le Monde diplomatique, France, "Taïwan en quête de souveraineté économique", mai 2016:  selon laquelle il n’est pas nécessaire de proclamer l’indépendance car Taïwan est déjà un Etat indépendant et souverain. C’est certainement le sens qu’elle donne au « statu quo » ( 'it is not necessary to proclaim independence because Taiwan is already an independent and sovereign state.  This is certainly the meaning it gives to  <status quo>' 台灣已經是獨立主權國家,沒有必要宣布獨立。 這當然是它賦予"現狀"的意義  )

  

 ●  聯合報United daily News, opinion 10-11-12017 :   「四不」的提法基本上是一種「自衛式」的表態,也是自我矛盾的詞組。舉例而言,所謂「善意不變」、「承諾不變」,其實只是說明自己不會貿然宣布台灣獨立,另一方面當然也是為自己保留退路。事實上,蔡英文去年片面拋棄「九二共識」,不僅已違背了「善意原則」,更違背了她宣稱要維持的兩岸「現狀」; 在這種情況下,還自稱「善意不變」,已失去了立足基礎。
https://udn.com/news/story/7338/2749610?from=udn-catelistnews_ch2    UDN 10-11-2017 : China officially responded Tsai's speech at Taiwan's National Day that “Only by adhering to the one-China principle and opposing Taiwan independence can relations between the sides develop with peace and stability”.   聯合報10-20-2017 社論: 缺了台灣 (習近平) 就不能圓其"中國夢".

  US News, 10-9-2017:   
   
Taiwan's

Relations with Beijing have deteriorated sharply since Tsai, ... took office last year, with China suspecting she wants to push for the island's formal independence, a red line for Beijing.  China has cut off a regular dialogue mechanism with Taiwan, ramped up military drills around the island and stepped up international pressure to limit Taiwan's diplomatic footprint.   /  https://www.usnews.com/news/world/articles/2017-10-09/taiwan-president-tsai-pledges-to-defend-islands-freedoms

  ●  Spiegel Germany, 1-9-2017,  <Donald Trump: Chinesische Staatszeitung warnt USA wegen Umgang> 

        背弃“一个中国”原则,中国人民将要求政府进行报复,那时就将没有讨价还价的余地  Die staatliche chinesische Zeitung "Global Times" hat den künftigen US-Präsidenten Donald Trump gewarnt, von der "Ein-China-Politik" abzurücken. "Das chinesische Volk würde die Regierung auffordern, sich zu rächen", hieß es im Leitartikel des Blattes, das zum Zentralorgan der Kommunistischen Partei "Renmin Ribao" gehört. "Es gibt keinen Raum für Verhandlungen" /  if "US President Donald Trump to abandon the one-China policy."  "The Chinese people would call on the government to take revenge,"  "There is no room for negotiations" ... (Global Times, China)

 

  ●  中國時報 10-15-2017, Wikipedia,  9-27-2017  : 台灣行政院長賴清德(premier William Lai )主張"務實台獨"  "台灣已經是獨立自主國家無須再宣佈台獨"  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Taiwan

  ●  墨西哥報Mexican newspaper El Sol de Méxicoformer, 2008: 馬英九: 二岸關係不是二國關係而是特殊關係 雖然目前無法解決暫時可以"九二共識"作為變通之道(former) President Ma:  the China-Taiwan relations are neither between two Chinas nor two states.  It is a special relationship.   the sovereignty issues between the two cannot be resolved at present,   the "1992 Consensus", currently accepted  as a temporary measure until a solution becomes available.

 

 ● Baidu China :  台灣邦交國只剩20 /  拉丁美洲 11国 伯利兹、圣基茨和尼维斯、圣卢西亚、圣文森特和格林纳丁斯、多米尼加、萨尔瓦多、危地马拉、海地、洪都拉斯、尼加拉瓜、巴拉圭 ; 大洋洲 6国 基里巴斯、瑙鲁、帕劳、马绍尔群岛、所罗门群岛、图瓦卢 ; 非洲 2国 斯威士兰、布基纳法索 ; 欧洲 1国 梵蒂冈

 ●  聯合報, 11-12-2017, 社評<黑白集>:  2017年底「川習會」後,3種可能之一為過去「美中共管」台灣的模式改由中共單邊處理美國將減弱其角色 (brief)

Taiwan

   台灣軍力    Taiwan military power VS Chn

Taiwan military     vs.   China military

  台灣軍隊

軍力評估

 官兵   台灣軍方是"空心彈";   美國國防部官員私下對台灣部隊和後備軍表達了悲觀的評Taiwan’s Military Is a Hollow Shell.  US Defense Department officials have privately expressed dismal assessments regarding Taiwan's current force level and reserve system.

 募兵制等因素使台灣裝甲兵,機械化步兵和火砲部隊的人力總是極度短缺 armor, mechanized infantry, and artillery units are always in desperate shortage of enlisted soldiers

  台灣很少有前線部隊 能補到80%的 兵員職缺 few front-line units have more than 80 percent of their positions filled    /  Foreign Policy, 2-15-2020
灣正規軍被砍半不到20萬 (the exact number is classified). 約二百萬後備軍人如同虛設 ... /  New York times,  5-18-2017
  The ROC (Taiwan) Armed Forces number approximately 300,000, and reserves reportedly total 3,870,000.   /  Wikipedia, May 2020

戰略 ◆  應對中共的網絡戰, 認知洗腦戰, 超限戰,  台灣必須著重機動戰, 非對稱戰(非傳統武器)  反制解放軍 To against the threats of cyber warfare, cognitive warfare, and ‘unrestricted’ warfare from China , we ( Taiwan ) work to bolster our defense capabilities, future combat capacity development will also emphasize mobility, countermeasures, and non-traditional, asymmetrical capabilities (unconventional arms)” /  Taiwan president inauguration speech, Voice of American, 5-20-2020

火力

◆  中共有原子彈核子彈氫彈,  台灣的雲峰導彈測試完成, 需500枚才可戰略嚇阻 /  Next TV news, 5-8-2020
◆ 
Taiwan military strength is ranked No. 26 ,  China PLA No. 3  /  Global FirePower, 2020
◆   強國不想得罪中國  因此軍售猶豫 A major obstacle is that countries that might sell it the most sophisticated weaponry are increasingly reluctant to do so for fear of provoking China, ... /  New York times,  11-4-2017

後勤

◆  國軍各項裝備的補充,數量、速度都不足。衍生各種流弊 /   United Daily (聯合報 社評), opinion,   5- 7- 2020

 士氣

 台灣政府未正 視中国不斷增強的威脅, 且假設美國一定會出兵解救台湾,國民黨及民進黨的政策,皆導致 軍力不足  、且士氣低落。... (brief)  /  New York times,  5-18-2017
面對中共加劇的軍事恫嚇台灣感到恐 懼  Taiwan fears uptick in military threat from China in wake of coronavirus epidemic ... / 英國Financial Times  5-19-2020

 

 

●    CBS news 11-14-2018:  U.S. military might "struggle to win, or perhaps lose" war with China or Russia
          美國若為台灣與解放軍作戰、很可能陷入苦戰 險勝或遭擊敗

          the National Defense Strategy Commission:  "It might struggle to win, or perhaps lose, a war against China or Russia." ...

"If the United States had to fight Russia in a Baltic contingency or China in a war over Taiwan," the report warned. "Americans could face a decisive military defeat."   ( https://www.cbsnews.com/news/u-s-military-might-struggle-to-win-or-perhaps-lose-war-with-china-or-russia-report-says/)

 

●   China's Military Power Report /  annual Report to US Congress (2019), 5-2-2019
            Military and Security Developments involving P.R.C. 2019
台彎 VS 大陸 軍力對比

 

"China could use missile attacks and precision air raids against air defence systems, including air bases, radar sites, missiles, space assets, and communications facilities to degrade Taiwan's defences, neutralise Taiwan's leadership, or break the Taiwan people's resolve," ...

aljazeera news said at May 3, 2019  that much of China's military doctrine is focused on self-ruled Taiwan,

China might take if Beijing decides to use military force on Taiwan, including a comprehensive campaign "designed to force Taiwan to capitulate to unification, or unification dialogue.

 

 

usni.org said at 2019/05/03 that Taiwan is the primary focus of amphibious assault and sea-based missile launch capability improvements made in 2018 by China’s People’s Liberation Army (PLA), the PLA Navy and PLA Marine Corps.

 

pic. right: Apple Daily (headline news) 5-4-2019  ;  The Liberty Times 建議不對稱作戰 "asymmetric warfare",  北京為武力促統可能飛彈攻台.

 

 The House Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence  “Open Hearing on China’s Worldwide Military Expansion.”, 5-17-2018

        (1) China's “infatuation with Taiwan” ?

        a visceral nationalistic design ...“if Taiwan survives as a democracy [it] undermines the legitimacy of the Chinese Communist Party”

      (2) USA curb China ?

        the US could soon be completely driven out of the Asia-Pacific region if Beijing is allowed to continue on its current course unopposed.

      (3) Congressional hearing recommended

       deploying tactical nuclear weapons to Asia, showing strong support for Taiwan, and exposing human rights abuses in China as immediate steps that could curb Beijing

  ●Annual Report to US Congress (2018): 台彎 VS 大陸 軍力對比
                Military and Security Developments Involving the People’s Republic of China 2018
                https://www.defense.gov/Portals/1/Documents/pubs/2018_China_Military_Power_Report.PDF

             A new method was applied to make these tables below:

 

  ●   蘋果日報,  Aug. 15, 2018: 美國簽<國防授權法>, 強化對台軍售
        中共環球時報網,  Aug. 15, 2018:
中國不是美國對手......美國會知道台灣並不便宜

  ● USA Today 5-18-2018: Xi JinPing has signaled that China will seek to reclaim its historical properties by 2049.(習近平已發出信號將尋求2040年收回台灣)
       Freebeacon 5-17-2018 :   2020—the deadline that [Chinese supreme leader] Xi Jinping has given the [People's Liberation Army] to be ready to invade Taiwan
(2020年 - 中國最高領導人習近平給予人民解放軍準備入侵台灣的最後期限)

 

  ● 華盛頓郵報 Washington Post,    1-5-2018, https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/global-opinions/wp/2018/01/05/can-china-really-take-over-taiwan/?utm_term=.e66214694331
       Can China really take over Taiwan?

         因台拒統一習近平命軍隊進入隨時備戰狀況  美如派8艘潛艇可摧4成入侵之解放軍  台須增加軍購  Xi commanded China’s military to become “battle ready.”  ...... threatening that relations with Taiwan will turn “grave” because Taiwan’s government refuses to acknowledge that the island is part of China.  A leading Chinese analyst predicts that China has accelerated its timetable to 2020 for taking over the island by military means......Taiwan needs to increase its defense spending considerably...“the outcome of the game [between China and Taiwan] is undecided".

  ●  United States think tank the RAND Corporation, Taiwan News, 2-2-2018, Apple Daily 2-3-2018, https://www.taiwannews.com.tw/en/news/3353460
          美國之音報導軍事專門機構RAND報告, 如解放軍2020年攻台, 勝算已倒向對方 Likelihood of successful Chinese attack against Taiwan rising: RAND Corp.    China's jets and missiles can damage U.S. and Taiwan air bases

          According to RAND, which specializes in military affairs, the balance in the Taiwan Strait has been moving in China’s favor as the communist country was continuing to make progress in its preparations and training ...

  ●   紐約時報New York times,  11-4-2017: 台灣防務體系的核心戰略 - 抵禦两週的中國軍事進攻,等待美國或國際社會的幫助...五角大廈5月份的報告警告說,台灣可以遏制中國潛在襲擊的「許多歷史優勢」(地理環境,及美國的支持),已經被中國的軍事現代化「削弱或消除了」。美國海軍戰爭學院(Naval War College) Andrew S. Erickson說:「台灣需要認識到,它的防務最終還是要看自己。」; 川普政府批准對台最新軍售,數字較少,缺乏能給台灣帶來真正優勢的重要系統。中國去年的軍費預算是1440億美元,而台灣的預算只有100億美元。

 

  ● 華盛頓郵報 Washington Post,    1-5-2018, https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/global-opinions/wp/2018/01/05/can-china-really-take-over-taiwan/?utm_term=.e66214694331
       Can China really take over Taiwan?

         因台拒統一習近平命軍隊進入隨時備戰狀況  美如派8艘潛艇可摧4成入侵之解放軍  台須增加軍購  Xi commanded China’s military to become “battle ready.”  ...... threatening that relations with Taiwan will turn “grave” because Taiwan’s government refuses to acknowledge that the island is part of China.  A leading Chinese analyst predicts that China has accelerated its timetable to 2020 for taking over the island by military means......Taiwan needs to increase its defense spending considerably...“the outcome of the game [between China and Taiwan] is undecided".

 

  ●   紐約時報New York times,  5-18-2017:  台灣必须直面来自中国的威 

          中国領導長期宣称,必要 時以武力占领台灣。 而台灣長年以來都將抵抗解放軍的责任 推卸給美国,似乎寄望美国的子女冒生命危險來保衛我们的家園。 随着中国军力的發展、 與其强硬姿態的未受 制肘,台湾的命運或将 淪為中国主導Beijing’s belligerence presents an existential threat to Taiwan, Chinese leaders have long vowed to take Taiwan by force if they deem necessary  ...  For years, the political establishment in Taipei has delegated responsibility for responding to Beijing to the United States. 

        長年以來,台灣政府未正 視中国不斷增強的威脅, 且假設美國一定會出兵解救台湾,並以此规劃國防、國民黨及倾向獨立的民進黨的政策,皆導致 軍力不足  ―  現役正規軍砍半成二十萬人、 二百萬後備軍人形同虚设、 且士氣低落。Taiwan's leaders have gutted the military and continued to base defense planning on the assumption that the United States would always come to the rescue.  Policies put forward by the Kuomintang and the independence-leaning Democratic Progressive Party have left the military understaffed and in a state of low morale... Taiwan's active force down to under 200,000 (the exact number is classified). The nearly two million reservists exist in name only...   (ps: Baidu / 目前台灣常备部队约21万人,后备军人约300万人。 )

         台灣國防现状,基本是 政客與軍方間互不信任的结果。 軍方一直身陷種種丑聞之中Taiwan’s defense policies are largely a result of deep distrust between the military and politicians. The military has struggled with wide-range scandals ...

 /  https://www.nytimes.com/2017/05/18/opinion

 

  ●  美國國務院 US  Dept of State,  U.S. Relations With Taiwan  9-13-2017:  美方堅持和平解決二岸爭端反對片面改變現狀鼓勵雙方基於尊嚴互重進行建設性談話 The United States insists on the peaceful resolution of cross-Strait differences, opposes unilateral changes to the status quo by either side, and encourages both sides to continue their constructive dialogue on the basis of dignity and respect. /  https://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/35855.htm

 

  ●  美國智庫傳統基金會 The Heritage Foundation, The Index of U.S. Military Strength, 2017

        

         美國已無法同時應付兩場大型區域戰爭 ,因此美國改以「聯盟手段」因應,要求日本、韓國等盟邦,承擔更多防衛任務,以抵銷軍力規...

       China’s provocative behavior has expanded to include militarization of islands that it has built in highly disputed international waters in the South China Sea. China has also adopted aggressive naval tactics to intimidate such neighboring countries as Japan and the Philippines... the 2017 Index concludes that the current U.S. military force  ...  certainly would be ill-equipped to handle two nearly simultaneous major regional contingencies ... /  http://index.heritage.org/military/2017/assessments/

  Why China Can't Conquer Taiwan in a War , 11-17-2017   Zachary Keck http://nationalinterest.org/blog/the-buzz/why-china-cant-conquer-taiwan-war-23254
      A new study by Michael Beckley (Tufts University), published in the academic journal International Security argues that China’s neighbors could thwart Chinese military aggression through anti-access/area denial strategies with only minimal U.S. assistance. ...   if China was far more successful than the United States had been in those conflicts, Beijing’s ability to execute an amphibious invasion is still far from certain. For instance, Beckley notes that only ten percent of Taiwan’s coastlines are suitable for an amphibious landing, which would allow Taipei to concentrate its forces on a few key areas. Chinese forces trying to land would likely be severely outnumbered...美國外交政治雜誌《美國利益》(The National Interest)專文「為何中國無法武統台灣?」,引述美國Tufts University Michael Beckley 《國際安全》期刊論文: 北京根本無法擊敗亞太鄰國;事實上,中共連台灣也無法征服;僅管北京確能透過一些外交手段,嚇唬鄰國。北京的周邊鄰國,可以透過「反介入/區域阻絕武器」(Anti-access and area-denial,即A2AD武器防禦) ,並在美國適度協助之下,即可挫敗中國的領土擴張野心。

  ●  <The Chinese Invasion Threat> by Ian Eastonct., Oct. 3, 2017 :

       中共於 2020年可能以發射飛彈封鎖海空等的方式侵略台灣 最終可能幾乎確定無法成功 China has finalized a clandestine plan to invade Taiwan in 2020 by launching missile attacks, blocking the nation’s air and sea space, and carrying out amphibious landings, Washington-based think tank Project 2049 Institute research fellow Ian Easton said.  ...China, would "almost certainly" fail in its full-scale invasion of Taiwan but its military appears driven to prepare and carry out such an attack. 

  ●  New York times,  10-19-2017:  https://cn.nytimes.com/china/20171019/china-xi-jinping-party-congress/dual/

    習近平演講掌聲最熱烈的一段Chinese president Xi delivered the line that won the loudest applause of his marathon speech: “We will never allow anyone, any organization, or any political party, at any time or in any form, to separate any part of Chinese territory from China.”
        Apple Daily, 10-20-2017,  "趙少康傳真" :
        習近平演講共32000多 字
其中800多字提到台灣 在習近平眼中台灣問題似乎不那麼重要 (brief)

  ●  英國 BBC , 12-3-2016   http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-34729538
         中共試射飛彈事件導致美國派遣艦隊抵達台海 ,此越戰以來在亞洲最大規模的戰力展示, 向中共傳遞了清楚的訊息 he pivotal role of the US was most clearly shown in 1996, when China conducted provocative missile tests to try and influence Taiwan's first direct presidential election. In response, US President Bill Clinton ordered the biggest display of US military power in Asia since the Vietnam War, sending ships to the Taiwan Strait, and a clear message to Beijing.

  ●  国家政策研究基金会 NPF  National Policy Foundation in Taipei, Taiwan;  10-7-2017 CTN

      台海安全 仍繫於美軍是否介入...最大的不確定性仍是「美軍是否介入」,且在2025年之前,美軍相對中共仍有明顯優勢,與其說押注與否,不如說是因「美軍不可測」的因子無法排除。 

         美國將海軍兵力重點移防亞太地區,主要是因應中國大陸擴張,以保持美國軍事影響力,加上常態兵力部署多,一旦危機發生,反應速度更多,因此對岸短期內不會採取軍事冒進的動作,進而形成對台的支持與保證。
         國政基金會國安組 揭仲表示,美軍確實在戰力上有問題,甚至一場大型、一場中型衝突應變能力都變差 

    
http://www.chinatimes.com/newspapers/20171007000342-260119

 

The Chinese Invasion Threat China has finalized a clandestine plan to invade Taiwan in 2020 by launching missile attacks, blocking the nation’s air and sea space, and carrying out amphibious landings, Washington-based think tank Project 2049 Institute research fellow Ian Easton said.

 

●  Democratic Progressive Party Legislator Lo Chih-cheng (羅致政) raised doubts over the time frame Easton asserted, saying that he did not think it is very precise.

 

China, according to the book <The Chinese Invasion Threat>, would "almost certainly" fail in its full-scale invasion of Taiwan but its military appears driven to prepare and carry out such an attack. 

 

pic.: Headline of Apple Daily, Oct. 6, 2017

  http://www.taipeitimes.com/News/front/archives/2017/10/05/2003679744;   http://freebeacon.com/natiChina’s

  ●  The US Defense Gov. Report of 2017

   


Annual Report to US Congress (2017)
:
Military and Security Developments Involving
the People’s Republic of China 2017
https://www.defense.gov/Portals/1/Documents/pubs/2017_China_Military_Power_Report.PDF

 

 

China VS Taiwan

  Taiwan Strait military balance

  China VS Taiwan

 

 

 
https://www.defense.gov/Portals/1/Documents/pubs/2017_China_Military_Power_Report.PDF
 2016  Defense Budget Comparison (Adjusted for Inflation),  Billion (USD)
China (Official Budget)  $144.3
Russia (National Defense Budget)   $46.2
Japan   $47.2
India  $37.0
Republic of Korea  $32.8
Taiwan  $10.5

 

 

 

 

ps: Apple daily, 11-28-2017: 中共前往first island chain包括陜西出發的H-6K (轟 6K), 不限於沿海第一戰線機場,  因此台灣解讀解放軍兵力, 不可侷限於單一戰區以免誤判.  (brief - author 林穎佑 中正大學戰略國際事務研究所)

 

  Apple Daily, 12-19-2017, head-page news...台彎VS大陸軍力對比 ; data from Taiwan's national defense gov.

 

pic. left: China military capacity VS Taiwan;   pic. right: Chinese air force did lots of "patrol circling" (flying around Taiwan and passing through 1st island chain ).

China military VS Taiwan military Chinese air force "patrol circling" around Taiwan
   

 Source: Apple Daily News, head-page and focus news, 12-19-2017

 US Annual Report to Congress, 2016

                OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY OF DEFENSE Annual Report to Congress:
               
台彎VS大陸軍力對比 Military and Security Developments Involving the People's Republic of China

                https://www.defense.gov/Portals/1/Documents/pubs/2016%20China%20Military%20Power%20Report.pdf
 

Taiwan Strait Military Balance in 2015, Naval Forces
China China Taiwan
Total East and South Sea Fleets Total
Aircraft Carriers 1 0 0
Destroyers 23 16 4
Frigates 52 40 22
Corvettes 23 14 1
Tank Landing Ships/ Amphibious Transport Dock 30 28 14
Medium Landing Ships 22 16 0
Diesel Attack Submarines 57 38 4
Nuclear Attack Submarines 5 2 0
Ballistic Missile Submarines 4 4 0
Coastal Patrol (Missile) 86 68 45

Taiwan Strait Military Balance in 2015, Air Forces
China China Taiwan
Total Within range of Taiwan Total

 

Fighters 1,700 130 384
Bombers/Attack 400 200 0
Transport 475 150 19
Special Mission Aircraft 115 75 25

Taiwan Strait Military Balance in 2015, Ground Forces
China China Taiwan
Total Taiwan Strait Area Total
Personnel (Active) 1.25 million 400,000 130,000
Group Armies/Army Corps 18 8 3
Infantry Divisions 12 4 0
Infantry Brigades 23 7 5
Mechanized Infantry Divisions 7 4 0
Amphibious Mechanized Infantry Divisions 2 2 0
Mechanized Infantry Brigades 25 8 3
Armor Divisions 1 0 0
Armor Brigades 17 7 4
Amphibious Armor Brigades 1 1 0
Army Aviation Brigades and Regiments 11 6 3
Artillery Brigades 22 9 5
Airborne Divisions 3 3 0
Marine Brigades 2 2 2
Tanks 7,000 2,800 1,100
Artillery Pieces 8,000 3,900 1,600

 

Taiwan's military force vs Chinese military force

Taiwan

     台灣人權  Taiwanese human rights
 

 

●  2019年3月13日的美國人權報告(USA Country Reports on Human Rights practices) 在貪污與政府透明度方面指出司法不獨立且執行政治目的調查工作(" justice ministry was insufficiently independent and conducted politically motivated investigations of politicians. "), 言論及新聞自由方面,媒體所有權集中對新聞自由 產生影響;新聞置入性行銷情況嚴重,罷工權嚴格受限。台灣工會密度遠低於經濟合作暨發展組織(OECD)的17%平均值,78.2%中小企業員工無法成立工會,大型企業則透過調動或將工會成員列入晉升黑名單。婦女懷孕是台灣常見的勞動歧視現象,性騷擾與不公平待遇等案件也時有所聞,社會文化因素(社會壓力使家族蒙羞)使許多婦女隱忍不報性侵數字應7~10倍於通報數 ;性侵也見於殘障人士性剝削見於兒童,外籍家庭主婦與陸配、 LGBTI 、HIV/AIDS 仍舊遭到歧視;外勞是最容易遭受強迫勞動的族群,漁業、農業、製造業與建築業都是常見強制勞動的行業。US  state government - 2019 Trafficking in persons report, Jun. 2019: 台灣過去五年來,人口販運者使外國男女在台灣遭受強迫勞動和性交易,販運者使當地男女遭受強迫勞動,當地婦女和兒童遭受性販賣。  台灣婦女和兒童遭受家庭性交易,其中包括販運者誘導和利用台灣以及外國婦女和兒童吸毒成癮使其遭受性販運的趨勢。  台灣販運者越來越多地利用互聯網,智能手機應用程序,直播和其他此類在線技術進行招募活動,通常針對兒童受害者,並掩蓋其執法中的身份。 販運者通過欺詐性婚姻和針對性交易的欺騙性就業機會,將來自中國和東南亞國家的婦女引誘到台灣。... 

 

美國國務院 人權報告United States Department of State Country Reports on Human Rights Practices : 3-3-2017 (report of 4-20-2018 is about same)
     

      主要人權問題是: 外籍遠洋漁船漁工與家事勞工被剝削官員貪污家庭暴力其他問題包括: 部分媒體在報導關於中國新聞時有「自我審查」狀況、買票、企業違反工時規定、大眾交通系統缺乏無障礙設施、性別歧視及兒虐案件增加...
   

官方未能有效執法,違反法定工時的情況在各行業都十分常見。許多公司要求勞工超過加班上限或未能支付加班費,物流運輸業最嚴重違法;勞動部檢查發現,機師、火車司機、公車司機、媒體行業員工平均工時也超過法定限制。缺乏無障礙空間與提供給身心障礙人士的交通系統,尤其是在台北以外;報告也提出具性別偏見的性別選擇、增加虐童等問題。

●  司法: 司法不夠獨立 justice ministry was insufficiently independent and conducted politically motivated investigations of politicians.

貪污:  201 名官員 包括23名高官貪污 charges.  中正大學研究(National Chung Cheng University) 76%受訪者不滿意政府反貪不足 .

女權Women: 強姦與家暴 包括  spousal rape, and domestic violence. 社會文化因素使許多婦女隱忍不報性侵數字應7~10倍於通報數婦女升遷職位、 薪資較男性差(約83%薪資); 蔡政府內閣成員中女性閣員占比是自1997年來最低

歧視Discrimination: 外籍與陸配是歧視標的  There was reported discrimination, including employment discrimination, against persons with HIV/AIDS

外籍 移工人權遭仲介剝削、是家暴與官員貪污的受害者: Types of exploitation included migrant workers becoming victims of domestic violence and official corruption.   Human rights groups had long protested that the law left migrant workers open to exploitation from third-party brokers.

 

    Principal human rights problems reported during the year were exploitation of foreign workers, including foreign crewmembers on long-haul fishing vessels and household caregivers; domestic violence; and official corruption.   Other human rights concerns during the year included some media self-censorship with regard to China; vote buying; violations of legal working hours; lack of barrier-free spaces and accessible transportation systems for persons with disabilities, particularly outside Taipei; gender-biased sex selection; and a rise in child abuse.  /
 https://www.state.gov/documents/organization/265586.pdf 

  ●  德國 國際透明組織  <Transparency International> Germany, 1-25-2017: 台灣貪腐印象指數較去年退步1分 Taiwan  retreated in Corruption Perceptions Index, Taiwan  received score 61, one point less than the previous year, on the Corruption Perceptions Index for 2016 published by Transparency International.    Singapore got the highest score (84) and highest ranking (No.7) among Asian countries,  Hong Kong at No.15 with 77 points and Japan at  No.20 with 72 points.

 
  ●  
法國 無疆界記者組織 Reporter without Borders,  France,  
https://rsf.org/en/taiwan

          

            台灣新聞自由現狀為“media freedom on hold,”
            中國影響新聞自由stating that “the main threat to media freedom comes from China, which has been exerting growing economic and political pressure on the Taiwanese media.”

            當地政府干預國營媒體Local government officials are also directly interfering in the editorial policies of state-owned media

  human rights in Taiwan , 人權  

Taiwan

       言論自由
Free expression in Taiwan

 
 

  ●國界記者組織 (法國 RSF, <Reporters Sans Frontieres> ) , 4-18-2019:  台灣的 World Press Freedom Index排名第42  雖然宣稱要持續推動言論自由,但很少採用完整的方法來改善記者的編輯獨立性並鼓勵媒體提昇公共議題的品質,另一方面,北京正利用台灣媒體老闆在中國有商業立利益這個弱點施壓台灣媒體

 

  ● 美國人權報告 (USA Country Reports on Human Rights practices) , 3-13-2019: 媒體所有權集中對新聞自由的影響,特別是有中資投資的企業;報告另提及台灣新聞置入性行銷情況嚴重,削弱公眾對媒體的信賴。  United States Department of State Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2016, released at March 3, 2017 (report of 4-20-2018 is about same) :
      Human rights concerns during the year included some media self-censorship with regard to China.  

 

    中國時報China Times 3-29-2019 頭條新聞: 捍衛100% 言論自由!  不容打著民主招牌反民主, 走向歐威爾式獨裁;  蘋果日報 3-29-2019 社論: 民主自由是藍綠白都不可失守的底線, 執政者尤其不該渾水摸魚, 製造寒蟬效應 

 

  ● United States Department of State Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2016, released at March 3, 2017 (report of 4-20-2018 is about same) :
      Human rights concerns during the year included some media self-censorship with regard to China.  

  ○○

  ●  <聯合報> 11-2-2018 頭版頭條 報導
「國安局證實偵蒐臉書」,監控網路社群 之爭議訊息,包括「影響國安」
「 詆毀元首」(戒嚴時之罪名)「 擾亂社會安定」「 扭曲政策」 ,及「干擾國家機制運作」「 打擊政府威信」等; 報評指出目的可能是杜絕中國勢力影響之政宣但「 老大哥正看著你」幾乎確定引起「寒蟬效應」<聯合報> 11-3-2018: 臉書等所有平台業者被要求交出用戶個資 ps: 本站認為台灣監控可能包括與中共無關之重要網站。

  ● <United Daily (聯合報)> 11-3-2018, 社論, 頭版頭條, 焦點版

台灣國安局監控


 


聯合報(UDN)

 11-3-2018, 頭版:

 調查局
嚴密監控的
網路媒體社群


 (1) Facebook ,
 (2) Youtube 
(3) LINE

 

 

 

pic. left:台灣總統

澄清民主台灣

不走回戒嚴時期

...

 

  ●   Wikipedia  台灣臉書(Facebook)綠色恐怖 !!
      
Wikipedia reference ('參考文獻') recorded that
in the summer of 2017, a "Green Terror on Facebook" triggered concerns and public anger in Taiwan.    All Taiwanese mass media reported that politicians and online personalities said they had been denied access to their Facebook accounts after writing criticisms of  Pan-Green coalition, the ruling political party (DPP).  
         The
China Times, opinion, at 11-18-2017 criticized that 台灣默許臉書打壓反台獨言論自由Taiwan president Tsai I. W. gave tacit permission to Facebook (Taiwan) to block content concerning anti Taiwan-independence  (brief, http://opinion.chinatimes.com/20171118000516-262114).   Taiwan administration has not responded or denied this severely critiques till middle of Dec. 2017.  

  free speech言論自由 in Taiwan 


  ●  
法國 無疆界記者組織 Reporter without Borders,  France,  
https://rsf.org/en/taiwan

          

            台灣新聞自由現狀為“media freedom on hold,”
            中國影響新聞自由stating that “the main threat to media freedom comes from China, which has been exerting growing economic and political pressure on the Taiwanese media.”

            當地政府干預國營媒體Local government officials are also directly interfering in the editorial policies of state-owned media

 

 

 

 

 

 

Taiwan

     台灣軟實力  Taiwan soft power

 

軟實力(soft power)是哈佛大學學者奈伊(Joseph Nye)提出的概念,指一國並非透過以軍事動武威逼、或金錢收買的方式,對外形成的吸引力與影響力 ( applying power by persuasion and attraction rather than coercion or force.)。奈伊(Joseph Nye)主張軟硬實力是台灣解決二岸爭端 及擴展國際空間 長久有效的好方法之一 ... ( hard & soft power enable Taiwan to deal with China and expand its international space. Dec. 8, 2010)。

 

    關注國際事務與文化的英國雜誌《MONOCLE》,連續數年公布全球軟實力國家排行榜。《單鏡片》(《MONOCLE》)並沒有從金融和軍隊實力的老角度去評判,而是從按各國的 culture, politics, business, diplomacy and education(文化產出、政治水平、 外交基建、教育能力及商業誘因)等範疇因素評選各國的軟實力。BBC認為「軟實力」已經變為一種國際性的外交政策目標。

 

   台灣並未雀屏中選於《MONOCLE》, 甚至連年輸給中國大陸, 與亞太國家如日本(Japan)、 南韓(South Korea)、澳洲(Australia)、 新加坡(Singapore)、紐西蘭(New Zealand)、 中國(China)、印度 (India)、 阿拉伯(UAE),這些大小國家近年都曾經進入前20+名排行。學術論文指出,軟實力的提出負有政治任務,既然台灣軟實力如此當初為什麼自吹自擂呢?

 

   根據另分研究  台灣也未能入列 2018年 Soft Power 30 Study (by USC Center on Public Diplomacy, July 2018) 與 2017年 Soft Power 30 Study (compiled by PR company Portand Communication and University of Southern California)    2018年入選的亞洲國家包括  Japan(No.5), S. Korea(20), Singapore(21), China(27)
 The top 30 nations of 2018 are 1. UK, 2. France, 3. Germany, 4. US, 5. Japan, 6~30 are Canada, Swiss, Sweden, Nederlands, Australia, Denmark, Italy, Norway, Spain, Finland, Belgium, Austria, NZ, Ireland, S Korea, Singapore,   Portugal, Greece, Poland, Hungary, Czech, China, Russia, Brazil, Argentina
  2017's Soft Power 30 Study 台灣敗給亞太國家包括 日本(Japan)、 南韓(South Korea)、澳洲(Australia)、 新加坡(Singapore)、紐西蘭(New Zealand)、 中國(China)。  前 30名是 1.  France  2. UK  3. USA  4. Germany  5.  Canada   6. Japan  7.  Swiss  8. Australia   9. Sweden  10.  Holland  11. Denmark  12. Norway  13.  Italy  14.  Austria  15.  Spain   16.  Belgium  17. Finland  18. NZ   19. Ireland  20.  Singapore   21. S. Korea   22.  Portugal  23.  Greece   24.  Poland   25.  China  26.  Russia  27. Czech  28.  Hungary   29.  Brazil  30.  Turkey.

 

  中國時報 , 8-15-2017 : 台灣文創產值下降9.28%而鄰國增加台灣文化創意產業連泡沫也吹不出 The output value of Taiwan's cultural & creative production in '12 - '13 declined 9.28%, in contrast, Taiwan's neighbor countries increased, China 14.27%, Malaysia, Philippines 8+%, Korea 0.65% ... Taiwan's cultural & creative industry even failed to create a "bubble", the reason is lacking of original creativity. 

  Although Telegraph (Jan. 2017) mentioned Taipei's  "pioneering creative scene",  however, in fact ...... Taiwan's creativity is poor in film, advertising,   architectures, graphic designs ... e.g.,  Taiwan usually lost in Cannes Ads Festivals, the logo of Taiwan's Economic government is quite similar to an old Canadian logo ... The Liberty Times at 4-6-2016 pointed out Taiwan's government took the lead to plagiarize, and ignored copy-rights, Taiwan becomes "an island of Plagiarism" .
  
  


Taiwan government logo

 

       

Western (Canadian) logo appeared earlier
 

          

    pic. left: Taiwan state-owned enterprise logo
    ● pic. right:
 Western logo

 

 


Taiwan soft power, 軟實力

 

Taiwan

    統獨   Taiwanese Identity

 

 

  ●  台灣 蘋果日報, 自由時報, 中國時報 6-18-2018: 台灣人對中國 好感比率首度超過反感  ―  非常好8%, 還算好40.8%, 沒特別感覺2.5%, 不怎麼好23.9%, 非常不好20%  (台灣民意基金會 推測,可能是中國軟性文化包裝,再加上台灣近年經濟遲滯發展等錯縱複雜原因導致。好感減掉反感的「淨好感」排行榜,台灣人最喜歡的國家依序是新加坡、加拿大、日本、歐盟、美國、南韓、俄羅斯、中國、菲律賓、北韓。http://news.ltn.com.tw/news/life/breakingnews/2461381) 大學教育以上學歷台人半數以上對中有好感  ( ps: 民調公告於美中貿易戰 升溫時; 中時 6-20-2018: 中共可能懲台 )

 

 

   紐約時報 New York times,  12-13-2016:   As Taiwanese identity has consolidated, with more than 90 percent of Taiwanese believing they are in some way “Taiwanese”  /  https://www.nytimes.com/2016/12/13

   ●  英國 BBC, 12-3-2016  http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-34729538
          Officially, the Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) still favours eventual independence for Taiwan, while the KMT favours eventual re-unification. Opinion polls show only a small minority of Taiwanese support pursuing one or the other at the moment, with most preferring to stick with the current middle ground.


  ● 
台灣 蘋果日報 社論 10-11-2017: 台灣多數為條件式統獨(70%), 統或獨皆不到 5%  (brief)

  ●  brookings.edu,  9-12-2016   “Taiwan’s China Dilemma,”  https://www.brookings.edu/events/taiwans-china-dilemma/   
          Shirley Lin’s new book, “Taiwan’s China Dilemma,” explores a conundrum: Despite a shared culture, and even as Taiwan’s economic interdependence with China deepened in the 1990s and 2000s, the island’s people felt an increasingly strong identity with Taiwan itself. These contradictory trends only continued during Ma Ying-jeou’s presidency, and will certainly shape the environment in which leaders in both Beijing and Taipei attempt to define and manage the cross-Strait relationship

  華盛頓郵報 Washington Post,   1-2-2017, The Taiwanese see themselves as Taiwanese, not as Chinese :

        the Taiwanese are not willing to pursue independence at all costs. Many are concerned with the economy. When asked to choose between formal independence or maintaining economic ties with China, 83 percent chose bread over romance. /  https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/monkey-cage/wp/2017/01/02/yes-taiwan-wants-one-china-but-which-china-does-it-want/?utm_term=.8d999292eabd

  Some significant polls: 
自我認知為台灣人? 中國人? 或二者皆是?

Percentage of Taiwanese residents who consider themselves ?

Survey

Taiwanese Chinese Both Taiwanese and Chinese
NCCU, Jan. 2015 60.6% 3.5% 32.5%
TVBS poll centre, Oct. 2012 75% 15% not an option here
TVBS poll centre, Oct. 2012 55% 3% 37%
Common Wealth Magazine, Dec. 2009 62% 8% 22%
Executive Yuan, Taiwan Admin., April, 2008 67.1% 13.6% 15.2%
source : Wikipedia

(59%: TWese, 34%: both)
Washington Post,
 1-2-2017, The Taiwanese see themselves as Taiwanese, not as Chinese

https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/monkey-cage/wp/2017/01/02/yes-taiwan-wants-one-china-but-which-china-does-it-want/?utm_term=.8d999292eabd

  Some significant polls:  自我認知為台灣人? 中國人? 或二者皆是?

https://sites.duke.edu/austinwang/2015/11/06/monkey-cage-article-how-taiwanese-view-the-future-of-the-cross-strait/
Austin Horng-En Wang,  Monkey Cage article: How Taiwanese view the future of the Cross-strait, PhD Candidate, Department of Political Science, Duke University

 

統獨民調

Washington Post,  1-2-2017, The Taiwanese see themselves as Taiwanese, not as Chinese

https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/monkey-cage/wp/2017/01/02/yes-taiwan-wants-one-china-but-which-china-does-it-want/?utm_term=.8d999292eabd

 

https://sites.duke.edu/austinwang/2015/11/06/monkey-cage-article-how-taiwanese-view-the-future-of-the-cross-strait/
Austin Horng-En Wang,  Monkey Cage article: How Taiwanese view the future of the Cross-strait, PhD Candidate, Department of Political Science, Duke University

 

統獨民調

Washington Post,  1-2-2017, The Taiwanese see themselves as Taiwanese, not as Chinese

https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/monkey-cage/wp/2017/01/02/yes-taiwan-wants-one-china-but-which-china-does-it-want/?utm_term=.8d999292eabd

 

 

 

 

 

  pic. : United Daily News survey/poll at 11-20-2017 :

民調首度逆轉 -
49%台灣
民眾對大陸民眾印象好

   40%對大陸政府印象好

found "the table has turned" - The percentage of Taiwanese having good impression on Chinese people increased to 49%, good social perception on communist Chinese government increased to 40%.  

 

 

United Daily News, opinion at 11-20-2017:  40%台灣民眾願赴大陸工作. The percentage of Taiwanese are willing to work in mainland China increased to 40%.

 


ps:
中共解放軍機不斷"常態威懾"繞台飛行  

 

 

pic. Apple Daily, 4-20-2018,
headline news :
a Survey poll by 台灣民主基金會


☉ 台灣人願意為獨立而戰 -
55% yes, 35.9 % no, 9.1% others

 

 ☉ 台灣人願意抵抗大陸之
解放台灣戰爭 -
67.7% yes, 24.9 % no, 7.4 % others

 

 

 pic.: Duke univ 與政大的調查發現一旦兩岸戰爭6成以上國民選擇逆來順受或投降逃跑 (CTN opinion, 4-21-2018)

 

 

 

 

 

   

Taiwan

    台灣女權   Taiwanese women

2019年3月13日的美國人權報告(USA Country Reports on Human Rights practices) 婦女懷孕是台灣常見的勞動歧視現象,性騷擾與不公平待遇等案件也時有所聞,社會文化因素(社會壓力使家族蒙羞)使許多婦女隱忍不報性侵數字應7~10倍於通報數 ;性侵也見於殘障人士性剝削見於兒童,外籍家庭主婦與陸配、 LGBTI 、HIV/AIDS 仍舊遭到歧視;


●  US  state government - 2019 Trafficking in persons report, Jun. 2019: 台灣過去五年來,人口販運者使外國男女在台灣遭受強迫勞動和性交易,販運者使當地男女遭受強迫勞動,當地婦女和兒童遭受性販賣。  台灣婦女和兒童遭受家庭性交易,其中包括販運者誘導和利用台灣以及外國婦女和兒童吸毒成癮使其遭受性販運的趨勢。  台灣販運者越來越多地利用互聯網,智能手機應用程序,直播和其他此類在線技術進行招募活動,通常針對兒童受害者,並掩蓋其執法中的身份。 販運者通過欺詐性婚姻和針對性交易的欺騙性就業機會,將來自中國和東南亞國家的婦女引誘到台灣。... 

 

美國國務院 人權報告 The US Country Reports on Human Rights Practices , released at 3-3-2017 (report of 4-20-2018 is about same)

    家庭暴力是主要人權問題:   強姦與家暴 包括  spousal rape, and domestic violence, 社會文化因素使許多婦女隱忍不報性侵數字應7~10倍於通報數婦女升遷職位、 薪資較男性差(約83%薪資); 外籍與陸配是歧視標的;  蔡政府內閣成員中女性閣員占比是自1997年來最低

 WEF <Travel and tourism competitiveness report> (released at 4-6-2017)

     <國際觀光旅遊競爭力> 報告評鑑  Taiwan's "Female participation in the labor force"  排名全球  85.

  英國 國際特赦組織  Amnesty International (The London-based organization), 2.25.2015: The organization concerns Taiwan's gender discrimination.   Taiwan’s passage of the Convention to Eliminate All Forms of Discrimination Against Women and the enactment of laws to implement the Convention on the Rights of the Child and the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities by 2017 were important starts, but still have to be fully implemented.


women in Taiwan, 台灣婦女

 

Taiwan

    台灣高教   Taiwan universities

台灣高等教育亂象論文抄襲與大學之國際排名......

Wikipedia : It (Taiwan) is ranked highly in terms of ... public education, economic freedom, and human development.  The country benefits from a highly skilled workforce and is among the most highly educated countries in the world with one of the highest percentages of its citizens holding a tertiary education degree.  / https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Taiwan

However, Taiwan's education system has serious problems as below:

 

●  台灣假論文太多 / Lousy conducts and bad ethics in Taiwan's academic circle happened again and again, but never be handled seriously, some careless-done fake scholarly papers are either ignorant or extremely audacious, some are even fraud-crimes.  Only legal punishments can stop all these, Taiwan government should take hard line now. 

●  蘋果日報 Apple Daily, 7-26-2018 : 台大5年Times倒退64名. 

 TIMES Higher Education

major univ. of Taiwan

world univ rankings 2020 2018 rankings 2017 rankings 2016 rankings 2015 2014 2013

National Taiwan University (台灣大學)

120 198 195 167 155 142 134

National Tsing Hua University (清華大學)

351-400 301~350 251~300 251~300 251~275 251~275 226~250

National Chiao Tung University (交通大學)

501-600 401~500 401~500 301~350 276~300 251~275 251~275

National Cheng Kung University (成功大學)

601-800 501~600 401~500 401~500 351~400 301~350 301~350

●   台灣妨礙大學自主 - 拔掉台大遴選會的校長人選 
     北市長 : 嚴重侵犯大學自主, 白癡政策; 馬英九:台灣還是文明法治的社會嗎?    蔡英文: 蠻專業的決定  尊重吧   香港城市大學校長: 低下手段比百年前軍閥等而下. 政府沒資格要求國際認可    台大: 表示遺憾 與強烈異議 / Apple Daily 4-29-2018 head page, UDN 4-29-2018.

●  聯合報The United Daily 10-17-2017 : 世界大學排名  台大節節敗退

 National Taiwan University's world ranks in recent yrs.

ranking sys

2017 2016 2015 2014 2013 2012

National Chiao Tung University (交通大學) in Shanghai China

173 163 154 141 125 121

QS

76 68 70 76 82 80

TIMES Higher Education

198 195 167 155 142 134

蘋果日報Apple Daily 10-17-2017: 自然指數排名  台大大幅退步 50 名  輸蘭州大學 (預算差不多)

Nature Index 2017 Tables

ranks

country

university

1 美國USA Harvard
2 美國USA Stanford
3(+1) 美國USA MIT
9(+2) CHN 北大Beijing University
86(+20) CHN 蘭州大學
148(-50) 台灣Taiwan 台大National Taiwan University
199(-35) 台灣Taiwan 台灣清大National Tsing Hua University Taiwan
280(+37) 台灣Taiwan 台灣交大National Chiao Tung University
431(+24) 台灣Taiwan 台灣成大National Cheng Kung University
438(n/a) 台灣Taiwan  台灣大National Central University
448(+35) 台灣Taiwan  台灣師National Taiwan Normal University, Taipei

   

Academic circle lacks ethics /  UDN  1-11-2017   http://udn.com/news/story/7338/2222591

Accomplice structure to fake scholarly papers / China Times 11-19-2016   http://www.chinatimes.com/newspapers/20161119000399-260109

NTU should not be too snobby /  The Liberty Times  11-25-2016   http://talk.ltn.com.tw/article/paper/1055359

Scholar : Only heavy punishment stops fake papers / UDN 11-19-2016   https://udn.com/news/story/10586/2115844

Strange phenomenon in academic circle /11-19-2016 UDN  https://udn.com/news/story/10586/2115842

Faking papers is a long-time malpractice / UDN  11-21-2016 https://udn.com/news/story/6885/2118616

   

●   中國時報, 7-20-2017:   聯考 38 分也可進大學  真是國際笑話 ! !

  Forbes 4-23-2017, "Taiwan's Once Mighty High-Tech Sector Is Falling Behind Because Of Low Pay" : Pay for university professors is too low to attract world-class people from overseas to teach.  https://www.forbes.com/sites/ralphjennings/2017/04/23/taiwans-once-mighty-high-tech-sector-is-falling-behind-because-of-low-pay/#204190537b43/Asia /#BigBusiness

●  https://www.timeshighereducation.com/world-university-rankings/national-taiwan-university
台灣排名
Taiwan rank
world rank國際排名 台灣大學Taiwan's university
1 198 台大National Taiwan University
2  301–350 台灣清大National Tsing Hua University Taiwan
3 401–500 台灣交大National Chiao Tung University
4 401–500 台灣科大National Taiwan University of Science and Technology (Taiwan Tech)
5 501–600 中醫大China Medical University, Taiwan


 

●  http://www.webometrics.info/en/Asia/TAIWAN  July 2017 Edition: 2017.2.1
台灣排名 world rank
國際排名
台灣排名大學Taiwan's university impact rank openness excellence rank
1 86 台大National Taiwan University 113 175 118
2 253 台灣交大National Chiao Tung University  184  359  383
3 264 台灣成大National Cheng Kung University 262